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#2 / 2019
General Problems of Pedagogy
Balyaeva S.A., Khvingiya T.G., Kalinina S.A.
THE PROBLEMS OF MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL PROCESS AT THE MARINE UNIVERSITY
The article deals with the modernization of basic and foreign language training of transport specialists in the maritime university. It considers some interactive educational technologies and promising areas of computerization of basic and foreign language disciplines as a way of improving the efficiency of student learning activities. The article also analyses the means of pedagogical control with computer support, and presents the tasks and functions of the end-to-end test control and the database for the support of the educational process. It also specifies the directions of educational environment modernization.
Bguashev A.B., Karyagina N.B., Gunazhokov I.K., Ioakimidi Y.A.
THE PROBLEMS OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION IN TEACHING PRACTICES
The article deals with issues related to the problems of inclusive education, which involves the joint training and education of children with disabilities (HBS) and children without such restrictions. The relevance of this problem is due to the priorities of the state policy of Russia in providing children with disabilities and handicapped children equal access to sound academic background in General education institutions, taking into account the peculiarities of their psychophysical development. The article deals with the issues related to the creation of the necessary organizational and pedagogical conditions, including in the field of physical culture, for the education of children with special opportunities.
CAUSES OF CONFLICT IN THE ACCULTURATION OF NEW MEMBERS OF THE STUDENT TEAM
The article is devoted to the analysis of regularities of acculturation in the life of the student group. The publication focuses on the process of mutual relations caused by the dynamics of changes in the system of group values. The article touches upon the problems of relations and reflection of "collective consciousness" on deviations of behavior in didactic links. Features and consequences of development of conflicts in student group are considered.
Beshuk K.A., Begidova S.N.
DEVELOPMENT OF CREATIVE ACTIVITY OF THE STUDENT THROUGH THE ORGANIZATION OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF CHOREOGRAPHIC ACTIVITY
The article deals with the problem of development of creative activity of students in higher educational institutions through the organization of different types of choreographic activity. The relevance of this problem is due to that the innovative processes happening today in an education system impose new requirements to vocational training of experts. Today graduates of higher educational institutions have to correspond to all inquiries of society and employers not only in the gained theoretical and practical knowledge, but also in personal qualities: abilities to think creatively, to possess a broad outlook, to carry out difficult tasks effectively and to make strategic development plans. Creative vigorous activity of the student, including through the organization of different types of choreography, contributes to multilateral personal development what modern society is in great need in.
Grebennikova V.M., Bonkalo T.I., Ignatovich V.K.
TYPES OF PARENTAL POSITIONS IN THE SITUATION OF DESIGN OF THE INDIVIDUAL EDUCATIONAL TRAJECTORY OF THE CHILD
The article deals with the formation of subject position of the parents of the child-student at designing his individual educational route. Authors analyze trends of development of educational systems, relevance of development of ways of realization in practice of the individual and subject approaches aimed at achievement of the priority purposes of modern education, a role and the place of parents of students in creation of educational space of school. The article contains results of the empirical researches focused on identification of features and types of behavior of parents as subjects of pedagogical design, and degree of their readiness for implementation of such type of activity.
Makrushina I.V., Eremina E.A.
MODERN APPROACHES TO THE ORGANIZATION OF PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION OF STUDENTS IN HOLISTIC EDUCATIONAL SPACE
The article discusses the modern approaches to the organization of professional education of students in a holistic educational space in the course of formation of general cultural competences. The process of formation of general cultural competencies in students of higher education institutions takes place both during the course of study and during extracurricular activities. Resources for the formation of universal cultural competencies in students in educational activities are the contents of education, represented by the spectrum of studied disciplines and the approaches used to master them, and in extracurricular activities: the participation of students in the student self-government council, which is the unique sociocultural environment promoting formation of sociocultural competence of the personality.
Mosina O.A., Khazova S.A.
THE SYSTEM ORGANIZATION OF SENIOR CITIZENS EDUCATION BASED ON THE RESOURCE - FUNCTIONAL APPROACH
The article presents a description of a four-level system of senior citizens education. The resource - functional approach is the cornerstone of its development. Proceeding from its postulates, a discursive framework of senior citizens education, its purposes and objectives are defined. The leading principles and functional loading are marked out. The need-focused trends and content of education of people of advanced age and basic technology of realization are concretized. The optics of the scientific analysis is displaced from a sociological perspective to the sphere of a pedagogical discourse that creates a framework of the innovative educational paradigm caused by modern challenges.
Mosina O.A., Shram V.P.
PEDAGOGICAL ASPECTS OF SOCIAL SUPPORT OF PEOPLE OF OLD AGE: RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS
A modern education system of people of advanced age is based on historically developed mechanisms of interaction of the state with people of advanced age. This work presents results of the historiographic analysis of a system of care of elderly people at the level of the state and society. The research shows that social maintenance was historically leading direction of the state support of people of advanced age. The paper shows how the content of support is defined by inquiries of people of old age. The authors prove that in modern conditions pedagogical and social space becomes more and more demanded for people of advanced age.
Mushkina I.A., Grigoraschenko-Alieva N.M., Mihalkova Î.À., Shirkunova Î.G.
THEORETICAL BASES OF THE “TVORITELI” PROGRAM IN LIGHT OF THE ASSOCIATIVE EFFECTS
The article is devoted to innovative transformations of the user, provided by the “TVORITELI” program applying the possibilities of associative effect and the experience of participation in creating their own resource in accordance with the innovative development requirements.
Penkov D.V., Horonko L.I.
TASKS FOR MEANING AS A DIDACTIC TECHNOLOGY FOR THE INITIATION OF SENSE FORMATION IN THE LEARNING PROCESS
In modern didactics, the methods and technologies that activate the cognitive activity of the student by connecting his semantic intentions are examined in detail. If this or that information "starts" personal sense of the student, and actualizes his estimated position in relation to the comprehended contents, respectively, the level of development of this material will be more personal, more steady and reflexively meaningful. Most often, a meaningful dialogue, didactic games, and reflexive technologies are considered as such methods. However, there is another group of methods initiating the meaning formation, rarely used in educational practice. Those are the so-called tasks of meaning, which give rise to an intention to search for personal meaning, actualization of the meaning-forming motive of cognitive activity, transformation of the meaning attitude of the student. The tasks of this type not only activate the sense formation, but also cause the effects of generalization (consolidation and generalization) of meanings, generate meanings of a higher and more stable level (semantic constructs and dispositions, and even elements of integrated semantic self-regulation). The main difference between the tasks on the meaning and the more traditional mental tasks is mainly that these tasks contain that what can be called a semantic choice, and depending on the type of semantic choice, tasks themselves on the meaning will vary.
EDUCATION OF CIVIC CONSCIOUSNESS AS A RELEVANT SOCIAL PROBLEM OF CONTEMPORARY SOCIETY
The article specifies the meaning of the concepts "patriotism" and "civic consciousness" and considers civil and patriotic education as inextricably linked. However, these concepts are not identical. This work also deals with the reasons of decrease in civic consciousness at youth. The author discloses relevance of civil and patriotic education in contemporary Russia.
Skudnova T.D., Makarov A.V., Bartenevà S.E.
IMPLEMENTATION OF INCLUSIVE PRACTICES IN THE PROCESS OF INTERACTION BETWEEN THE UNIVERSITY AND SOCIETY
The article discusses the basic directions of sociocultural activity in the process of implementing inclusive practices in terms of interaction between the University and society using an example of municipal social program "Heart of Kindness" in Taganrog. The publication shows innovative technologies for inclusive education, contributing to the socialization and adaptation of children with disabilities.
PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS OF STATE-PATRIOTIC EDUCATION OF STUDYING YOUTH
Patriotic education of today's students gradually becomes one of the priority directions of activity of higher education institutions. A significant part of University graduates will work in state bodies and structures, which puts on the agenda their formation as true patriots-statesmen, individuals with highly developed Patriotic and moral qualities. The realization of this goal is possible in the sphere of such direction as "State-Patriotic". Achieving the desired result in the traditional organization of the educational process is difficult for various reasons. One of them is the lack of necessary pedagogical conditions for the organization and conduct of the process of education of patriots-statesmen. The purpose of article is identification and theoretical substantiation of complex pedagogical conditions for State-patriotic upbringing of young students. The scientific novelty of this article lies in identification and theoretical substantiation of a set of pedagogical conditions that contribute to the effective State-Patriotic education of students.
Uzdenov A.-Z. H.-M., Dzhaubaev Yu.A., Enokaeva S.S., Petkov V.A.
FORMATION OF SOCIAL PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF THE BACHELOR OF PHYSICAL CULTURE
The paper investigates the essence, structure and ways of development of social professional competence of bachelors of physical culture, and reveals features of the organization of this process in the conditions of higher education institution. The authors describe the idea of creation of conceptual model of vocational training, the procedural, structurally functional and substantial components of which are aimed at the development of individual social experience and basic qualities of professional competence of students. Based on the revealed indicators, the publication defines the characteristic levels of manifestation of social professional competence, and specifies the perspective directions of its improvement.
Tseeva L.H., Panesh B.Kh., Simbuletova R.K.
INTERACTIVE FORMS AND METHODS OF TEACHING IN THE FORMATION OF THE ETHNOCULTURAL COMPETENCE OF STUDENTS
The article substantiates the need to train teachers with new thinking, competent and able to solve professional and pedagogical tasks, especially in a multinational multicultural educational space. The process of formation of ethnocultural competence of future teachers is one of the important components of professional competence. The problem of the ethnocultural content of the preparation of bachelors of pedagogy is considered, and the interactive teaching technologies that contribute to the formation of the ethnocultural competence of students are substantiated.
Shebanets E.Yu., Demkina E.V.
TECHNIQUE OF DESIGN OF THE INDIVIDUAL EDUCATIONAL TRAJECTORY (PROGRAM) FOR CHILDREN WITH DEVIATIONS IN DEVELOPMENT
The article deals with the problem of design of an individual educational trajectory (program) for children with deviations. An analysis is made of the regulatory framework regulating the right to education of disabled children and children with health limitations: guarantees of realization of the right to education in the Russian Federation; program of the Russian Federation "Available Environment"; the national strategy of actions for the benefit of children; and Convention on the rights of disabled people. The authors reveal the essence of an individual educational trajectory for children with deviations in development. Indicators and conditions on which the individual educational program has to be grounded are analyzed.
Yasko B.A., Luzakov A.A., Stepenko O.B.
ON INTERRELATION OF SATISFACTION WITH WORK AND PROFESSIONAL MOTIVATION OF THE SUBJECT OF THE PUBLIC CIVIL SERVICE
The problem of interrelation of satisfaction with work and professional motivation of employees of body of the public civil service is considered. The theoretical review demonstrates that, despite considerable representation in modern researches of analytical data and various concepts of motivation of professional activity and satisfaction with work, this aspect of organizational and psychological markers of work of workers is insufficiently studied in relation to the public civil service. The analysis of the empirical data obtained thanks to the group of examinees differentiated on seniority duration shows that there are certain invariants characterizing interrelation of the studied psychological phenomena. This belongs to the expressed positive interference of a priority of internal motivation, on the one hand, and to the general satisfaction with work, satisfaction with achievements in work, on the other.
The research shows that young employees have a specific relationship of internal motivation and increased interest in work and career growth. At the same time, a number of negative relationships indicate frustration of career expectations and aspirations for self-realization in a certain part of young employees.The satisfaction with working conditions which is positively interconnected both with internal and with external negative motivation is important for skilled workers. Our results illustrate that this category of employees is a personnel fund of the organization; their experience, professional skills, competence, the authority and organizational loyalty deserve adequate assessment from senior officials and can be used at the solution of problems of formation of positive image of the organization, organizational identity and commitment of all participants of labor process.