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#4 / 2019
General Problems of Pedagogy
TYPES AND STRUCTURE OF EVALUATION FUNDS IN THE CONTEXT OF IMPLEMENTATION OF MODULAR EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS OF THE UNIVERSITY
The entry into force of the Federal State Educational Standards of Higher Education marked the final transition to a new ideology of designing the educational process at the university, which consists in replacing the organization’s traditional disciplinary approach with a modular architecture for building the university’s educational process. The implementation of this goal is based on a number of organizational and methodological measures on the part of the academic community of universities. In the first turn, this is the design of modular basic professional educational programs (OPOP). Specific features of this complex, multifunctional and multi-purpose document are as follows: the construction of a curriculum structured by modules; the creation of interdisciplinary links between the structural elements of each module; abandonment of the linear educational trajectory of development of OPOP; the presence of a well-developed fund of assessment tools, containing interdisciplinary competency-oriented tasks, which in the right proportions reflect the contribution of each discipline to the formation of the declared competencies.
In the conditions of the modular design of educational programs, one of the problem areas is the designing funds of assessment tools (FOS) of the main professional educational programs of the university. It should be solved in terms of the creation of a holistic system, which provides the possibility to carry out interdisciplinary, comprehensive assessment of the results of education, the process of development of competences and the levels of their formation in students at various stages of the OPOP development.
Modernization of the procedural and substantive part of the control and evaluation activity of the university entails changes in the functional and organizational structure of its elements. Within the framework of this article, we will consider the specific characteristics and structure of the FOS in the conditions of modular construction of the OPOP of the university.
Grinko M.A., Gridasova A.V., Khandzhyan D.D.
TARGETS OF THE PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF A FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHER
The paper presents the results of the analysis of the established approaches to the definition of target guidelines in the theory and practice of training of a foreign language teacher, focusing subjects of educational activity on the development of experience of educational activities and corresponding competencies. The authors show that the strategic goal of the professional training of the future foreign language teacher is to implement a competency-based approach. This approach ensures the formation of a holistic personality and indicates ways of transition from a "knowledge-centric" paradigm in the organization of the educational process to a humanistic-oriented, defining trajectory of productive development and self-realization of essential forces, abilities and gifts of the student.
Damadaeva A.S., Ibragimova Kh.Sh.
PROCESSES OF GENDER SOCIALIZATION OF PROFESSIONAL ATHLETES
The paper deals with the definitions of the subject of study, which constitute the categorical apparatus of sports psychology. The presented theoretical review of literary sources allowed to substantiate the necessity of development of applied branches of gender psychology, one of the actual directions of which is – gender psychology of sports activity and its support. The need for such support is dictated not only by the division of sports into male and female sports, but also by the violation of the post-professional period, depending on the specialization – masculine or feminine sports. In this context, the problems of formation and development of the personality of professional athletes in the process of professional sports activities are actualized. To implement the chosen perspective of the study, sports activities were divided into masculine and feminine sports. This study aimed to determine the Abstractpeculiarity of the gender differentiation of the personality of male and female athletes in accordance with the chosen specialization. To confirm the hypothesis, an experimental study of various aspects of the formation of the personality of athletes, such as gender, gender identity, gender stereotypes, gender role, was conducted. The obtained statistically reliable indicators at 95% -99% level proved that under the influence of a particular type of sports activity there are changes in the gender structure of the personality-masculinization of women, necessary to achieve high sports results, but deforming gender identification. In the process of sports activities, such masculinization is necessary for women to achieve high results in sports, but in the post-sports period it violates the mechanisms of gender socialization.
Enokaeva S.S., Dzhaubaev Yu.A., Khatuaev T.A. - A., Uzdenova F.M., Petkov V.A.
PEDAGOGICAL POTENTIAL OF RECREATIONAL TECHNOLOGIES IN SHAPING THE FOUNDATIONS OF A HEALTHY LIFESTYLE OF SCHOOLCHILDREN
The paper discloses the content of pedagogical potential of recreational technologies in shaping the foundations of healthy lifestyle of schoolchildren, implemented on the basis of complex use of means of pedagogy, valeology, physical culture and sociocultural activity. The authors reveal the essence, content, functions and pedagogical potential of recreational technologies implemented in the conditions of comprehensive secondary school. Classification of recreational technologies has been made. During the study, the authors identified methods, principles and organizational and pedagogical conditions for the successful implementation of recreational technologies, which together serve as a guide for improving the health-promoting activities of modern school.
ROLE OF TEACHERS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS OF THE KALININGRAD PEDAGOGICAL INSTITUTE IN THE FORMATION OF THE SYSTEM OF REGIONAL PHYSICAL EDUCATION
This work discusses the history of the formation of higher physical education at the Kaliningrad State Pedagogical Institute in the first years after its creation (from 1948 to 1953). In 1967, the Kaliningrad State Pedagogical Institute was transformed into the Kaliningrad State University. Currently, the university is a modern regional university - the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University. The university is a unique educational institution in the westernmost region of Russia. The publication shows the role of the teaching staff of the Physics Department in the organization of the educational process in a young pedagogical university. The training of diploma specialists for the Kaliningrad region in the post-war years was a strategic task. This task was successfully solved, thanks to the selfless work of university teachers.
Meretukova Z.K., Chinazirova A.R.
PSYCHOSOMATIC, ECOLOGICAL AND MORAL-SPIRITUAL FOUNDATIONS OF HEALTH PROTECTION AND THEIR UNITY IN EDUCATIONAL PROCESS AS A PROBLEM OF PEDAGOGICAL SCIENCE AND EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM
The relevance and continuing importance of the problem of health protection is justified. The authors define the concept of “education system” as the target to solve the problem set out in this work. The essence of psychosomatic, ecological and moral-spiritual foundations of health protection and necessity of their unity in educational process are revealed. The necessity of the priority of moral and spiritual foundations in this unity is justified. In this connection, the authors give the definition of the concept of “moral and spiritual educatedness”.
Romanyuk S.N., Demkina E.V., Kubashicheva L.N., Khakunov N.Kh.
BINARY-OPPOSITIONAL REPRESENTATION OF SOCIAL INFANTILISM AND SOCIAL MATURITY OF STUDENTS
The paper shows that the social infantilism of young people, which constitutes a global pedagogical problem of our time, poses a serious danger to the individual and society as a whole. Its overcoming, and much more prevention, is associated by most scientists with the preventive (or corrective) shaping qualities of a socially mature personality in the younger generation. At the same time, almost all structural and meaningful components of social infantilism are described in binary opposition with qualities of social maturity. Social maturity and social infantilism are often mutually defined through each other. According to most researchers, it is very difficult to determine effective pedagogical means and methods of solving the above-mentioned problem without comparing the qualities of social infantilism and social maturity. In this connection, the purpose of this study is to present these qualities in the form of binary opposition in substantive and structural aspects.
Savvin P.P., Khakunov N.Kh.
FORMATION OF BASIC ECONOMIC CULTURE OF ATHLETES IN STRUCTURE OF MANY-YEAR CYCLE OF TRAINING (JUSTIFICATION OF CONCEPT OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH)
The paper presents the concept of scientific research aimed at search for ways of formation of basic economic culture of athletes in structure of their many-year training. The relevance of the study is justified, and the place and main issues related to the construction of the process of formation of economic culture of athletes are identified. This allowed us to substantiate the working hypothesis and the resolved contradiction, to determine the purpose and tasks of the study, as well as to assume the knowledge obtained in the study, which can become the basis of protected provisions. The work presents a version of the integration interaction between the process of basic school economic education and economic education in the system of sports training, defines the fundamental approaches to the construction of the system of economic education in conditions of holistic development of the person, which include competency, personality-oriented, contextual and activity approaches.
Trubachev I.V., Demkina E.V.
TARGET AREAS OF OPTIMIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL PROCESS IN MILITARY UNIVERSITY FOR EFFECTIVE EDUCATIONAL ADAPTATION OF FEMALE CADETS
The paper discusses the problem of finding grounds for optimization of the educational process in military universities in order to increase efficiency of educational adaptation of female cadets. The relevance of the problem is justified by the importance of effective adaptation for the quality of education, by the specificity of educational conditions in military universities, as well as by the fact that girls are included in cadets relatively recently. In this aspect, the leading theoretical provisions characterizing the essence of pedagogical optimization and criteria of optimality are given. At the same time, a number of criteria, which have been identified from theoretical analysis of scientific literature, have been added to the scope of traditional and basic criteria of optimality. As a result, the so-called restrictive criteria of optimality, in the authors’ representation, included indicators characterizing the internal state of motivational, value, emotional and other spheres of personality. These indicators are brought into correlation with personal factors of effective adaptation of the person to educational conditions. Indicators and conditions of adaptation, in particular, educational adaptation are disclosed. The effectiveness of educational adaptation is theoretically justified as a possible goal of optimizing the educational process. In this context, indicators are identified that show the degree of effectiveness of educational adaptation: external (educational performance and behavior) and internal (psychological and physical well-being of students, including their activity and mood). In addition, personal factors ensuring effective adaptation to the educational process are given: educational motivation, professional orientation, motivation of professional choice, value orientation; satisfaction with educational activity, choice of profession, and emotional comfort (absence of stress). Methods and results of diagnostics of mentioned indicators and factors are described. Based on the results obtained, the target areas of optimization of the educational process at the military university, which ensures the effectiveness of educational adaptation of female cadets, have been determined.
Ushkho Yu.D., Zabolotniy A.G., Zolottseva E.V., Mirza M.Yu., Elnikova O.O.
PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS OF SHAPING THE COACH’S AUTHORITY IN THE PROCESS OF PROFESSIONAL TRAINING IN UNIVERSITY
The article deals with the peculiarities of the professional activity of the coach, his authority, pedagogical skills, culture of behavior and communication. The authors compare and analyze the adequacy of the revealed significant qualities of the personality of the coach necessary for effective construction of authoritative relations from the point of view of the coaches and athletes who are at various stages of sports training. Pedagogical conditions of shaping the coach’s authority in the course of training in higher school are proved.
To achieve this goal, the authors revealed the idea of young athletes, coaches and future specialists in physical culture and sports about the ideal image of the coach and pedagogical conditions for the formation of the coach's authority in the process of professional training. For this purpose, the authors determined the preferred personal qualities of the coach, applied to the assessment of authoritative relations; compared and analyzed the adequacy of the identified significant qualities of the personality of the coach needed for the formation of the authoritative relations, and defined the professionally significant personal qualities of the coach related to the formation of authoritative relations in terms of coaches and athletes at various stages of sports training. In order to shape the authority, the coach needs not only to know the priority of personal qualities at different stages of sports training, but also to be able to analyze and evaluate their importance from the side of the processes of training, education and socialization of the individual.
Analyzing the results obtained, there are significant differences between the expected image of the coach in the groups of athletes and the expected significant qualities of building authoritative relationships from the position of the coaches themselves. Thus, the publication states that at different stages of sports training, athletes have different requirements for the personal qualities of the coach, which, in turn, differ from the opinion of the coaches themselves.
PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS FOR THE FORMATION OF SELF-CONTROL SKILLS OF AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR OF ADOLESCENTS IN EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES
The article is devoted to the substantiation of a complex of psychological and pedagogical determinants that contribute to the formation of skills in adolescents in the field of self-control of aggressive behavior. The author draws attention to the pedagogical potential of extracurricular activities, with the use of which it is advisable to develop anticipation. Anticipation is defined as the universal ability of the personality, which is one of the factors in the formation of self-control skills of aggressive behavior. As part of extracurricular activities, it is envisaged to use a number of educational technologies (exponential training, pedagogical facilitation, debriefing) in the format of the activity of a comprehensive school. This publication presents the results of a study in which the psychological and pedagogical determinants of the formation of self-control skills of aggressive behavior at adolescents are theoretically identified and psychologically-pedagogically determined. Those include the following: using the potential of extracurricular activities within the framework of a comprehensive school; organization of team-game activities of adolescents; the development of anticipation as the universal ability of a person to predict the development of various events, phenomena, results of actions, behavior; the use of educational technologies of pedagogical facilitation, experimental training, debriefing.
To prove the effectiveness of psychological and pedagogical measures of influence on the process of formation of self-control skills of aggressive behavior of adolescents, a pedagogical experiment was conducted in secondary schools of the Astrakhan region. The sample of the pedagogical experiment was 130 teenage students, of which 65 were the experimental group and 65 were the control group. Based on the mathematical processing of data according to the percentage coefficient formula, as a result of a comparative analysis of the levels of formation of self-control skills of aggressive behavior at adolescents, it is revealed that a reasonable set of psychological and pedagogical conditions is effective in the process of formation of self-control skills of aggressive behavior at adolescents.
Khazova S.A., Verzhbitskaya E.G., Verzhbitsky I.V., Vodolazsky A.V., Kubashicheva L.N.
METHODICAL SUPPORT OF PEDAGOGICAL INTERACTION OF SUBJECTS OF EDUCATIONAL PROCESS
The paper substantiates the importance of pedagogical interaction for solving problems of education and socialization of the younger generation. This is argued by the content of the targets of Russian education, including the adoption of family values, citizenship, communicative qualities, etc. The lack of scientific knowledge in the field of modern methods and forms of pedagogical interaction, which meet the new conditions of teaching and education, is stressed. This is defined as one of the factors of insufficient efficiency of organization of pedagogical interaction. The key tasks of different subjects of pedagogical interaction are given, the composition of which determines the appropriate forms and methods of organization of this process. On this basis, two groups of methods and forms - common to all and specific to different actors of interaction - are identified. Specific, in turn, are divided into pedagogical, social-psychological and managerial. General forms and methods are intended for mastering the ways of carrying out pedagogical interaction, encouraging subjects to participate in pedagogical interaction, increasing the efficiency of pedagogical interaction. Management methods (organizational-stabilizing, administrative, disciplinary) are defined as the leading methods of activity of the administration of the educational institution aimed at managing pedagogical interaction in the educational organization. Socio-psychological (methods of social management and methods of psychological influence) are intended to accompany interaction by social teachers and psychologists, and pedagogical - for the work of teachers on training and stimulation of other participants of pedagogical interaction, as well as directly on organization and support of pedagogical interaction.
USES OF COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES AND INTERNET RESOURCES IN FORMATION OF COMMUNICATION COMPETENCE AT ENGLISH LESSONS IN THE FIELD OF MARITIME PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION
The use of the computer technology in the teaching of foreign languages began more than fifty years ago. However, not so many professionals discussed this topic. The situation changed only recently, when the information era in the society developed and the Internet appeared. Since then the teachers of foreign languages understood the need and effectiveness of integrating information and computer technologies into the educational process. This article is dedicated to the influence of computer technologies on the formation of communication competence in the process of learning English by students of the maritime university. The author of the article concludes that computer technologies and Internet resources help to develop all the types of the speech activity quickly and efficiently. And, if such lessons are organized in the form of a role play the communication competence will be formed quicker and more successfully. However, nowadays the didactic and methodological aspects of the computer technology while forming communication competence have not been sufficiently developed. This indicates the relevance of the topic of this article.
SPIRITUAL AND MORAL DEVELOPMENT OF MILITARY SERVICERS-CONTRACTORS: PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS AND ENVIRONMENT
The article analyzes the problems associated with the upbringing of military personnel serving under the contract on the posts of soldiers and sergeants of a socio-psychological and motivational nature. The relevance of the topic is due to modern reforms related to the transition of the army to a contractual basis and a significant increase in the share of military personnel serving under the contract on the posts of soldiers and sergeants in military collectives. Intensive military-combat activity, the complexity of the tasks facing the army, the need for the constant development of the latest types of weapons and military equipment lead to a decrease in the moral and psychological readiness of a contract soldier for military service and, as a result, to dismissal from the Armed Forces. According to the author, the main cause of the problems is the insufficient level of spiritual and moral development of this category of military personnel. In order to solve these problems, the author conducts a study of the conditions in which military contract soldiers carry out military service activities. The concept of “army environment” is introduced, which combines professional training and spiritual and moral education of contract servicemen into a single educational space. The author identifies and reveals a number of pedagogical conditions that contribute to the development of the spiritual and moral sphere of contract servicemen. These conditions are: education in the process of military service activities, education through the unity of the army environment, cultural education in the army environment, education through the observance of traditions in the army environment, education through the promotion of family values in the army environment. The conclusions made by the author allow us to develop new recommendations for improving the work of the officials of the unit on the education of contracted military personnel.