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#3 / 2019
General Problems of Pedagogy
Baeva T.E., Kraft N.N., Dzhabatyrova B.K.
FORMATION OF SUBJECT CONTENT OF PEDAGOGICAL DISCIPLINES BASED ON STUDY OF MOTIVATION IN STUDENTS
The paper shows why it is necessary to select the subject content of pedagogical disciplines based on the study of educational and professional motivation of students. The research identifies that significance of motives and personal qualities of the specialist predominate. The authors have analyzed the results of the study of motivation in students, based on which they formulate recommendations on content of pedagogical disciplines.
Blyagoz N.Sh., Kulakov A.A., Churikov Yu.S.
ASPECTS OF PATRIOTIC EDUCATION OF MODERN YOUNG PEOPLE: THE STATE OF THE PROBLEM
The problem of patriotic education and civil development of the younger generation today is one of the urgent tasks of the state, society and educational institutions of our country. At present, in Russia, we often observe separation from the national culture, the euphoria of permissiveness in society, with a clear weakening of moral standards of behavior, failure of the ideological and moral continuity between generations, between the values of the past and the present. This paper examines the conditions under which the patriotic education of citizens acquired the status of one of the most urgent tasks of the state, society and educational institutions of our country and which legal bases of patriotic education exist so far.
The goal of patriotic education is to develop in the person a high social activity of civic responsibility, spirituality, a personality with positive values and qualities enabled to manifest them in the creative process, in the interests of the Fatherland. The national education doctrine not only defines the state policy in the field of education, but also gives the state’s social order to educate a person with an active life and professional attitude, hardworking and highly moral, patriot of his homeland, respecting the rights and freedoms of an individual, tradition and culture of other nations.
Bulakh K.V., Tsakliotis G.
DIDACTIC POTENTIALITIES OF QUEST TECHNOLOGIES IN SHAPING DIVERGENT THINKING IN CHILDREN OF PRE-SCHOOL AGE
This paper examines the problem of shaping divergent thinking in children of pre-school age through quest technologies. The authors analyze the following methods of formation of divergent thinking in children of pre-school age: a method of projects; problem learning technologies; the Method of focal objects; Brainstorming techniques; Synectics method; Symbolic vision techniques; and Quest technology. A characteristic of quest technology and its didactic potentialities in the pedagogical process is given. The publication discloses the content of the process of formation of divergent thinking in pre-school children through quest technologies (quest games), which differ in the motivational component in symbiosis with game activity, and make it possible to achieve the greatest inclusion of the child in the process of formation of divergent thinking.
Grebenkina Yu.V., Khazova S.A.
PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL SUPPORT FOR PREVENTION OF AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR OF STUDENTS IN CONDITIONS OF MODERN MEDIA: PROBLEM STATEMENT
The paper is devoted to the setting and justification of the problem of negative impact of the media system as a factor of growth of aggressiveness among teenagers. In this aspect, the work describes key characteristics of media content that determine the aggressiveness of adolescents. These include media violence and stories giving rise to anxiety and fear. The main reasons for active distribution of malicious media products are noted. The publication presents modern approaches to creating a safe information environment and shows possibilities of media education in modern Russia.
Gynu N.N., Shkuropy K.V.
FORMATION OF METHODOLOGICAL COMPETENCE AT YOUNG TEACHERS OF MILITARY UNIVERSITY
At present, in the Russian military education system, the problem of forming a high level of professional competence for teachers of universities is urgent. Methodological competence is one of the important structural components of vocational and pedagogical competence of teachers of the university and implies availability and implementation by the teacher of methodological knowledge, methodological skills in educational activities. We have established that, so far, many aspects of the process of formation of methodological competence of teachers of higher military educational institutions are poorly studied and are not scientifically justified and the search for ways of their effective solution is relevant. The model developed by the author allows ensuring high efficiency of vocational and pedagogical interaction of participants of the process of formation of methodological competence in the educational space of the military university.
Dulatov I.I., Shkuropy K.V.
TEACHING SYSTEM OF PARACHUTE RESCUE TRAINING OF CADETS OF MILITARY AVIATION SCHOOL
In the Russian military education system, the need to comply with GEF requirements and military qualification requirements to the level of training of a graduate of a military university guides the heads and faculty of military universities to find promising directions in improving the military training of future officers. The study of special literature shows that many aspects of the problem of military-professional training of cadets from aviation universities to effective actions in conditions of emergency are not sufficiently developed. The poorly studied direction of preparation of future pilots for action in emergency is parachute and rescue training. It has been established that scientific and methodological support of this direction of military-professional training of cadets from aviation universities is possible to implement through the development of a pedagogical system, which allows us to comprehensively form professionally important qualities of a military pilot, ensuring theoretical, practical, physical and psychological readiness of cadets for effective actions in emergency situations.
Evtushenko Yu.L., Sirik S.N.
PROBLEM OF TARGETING IN TRAINING OF CADETS OF MILITARY AVIATION UNIVERSITIES: THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS
Successful functioning of the educational organization is impossible without a system of pedagogical goals and tasks of general cultural and professional training of students. An analysis of the existing directions of educational activities at military universities providing training of qualified military personnel has identified promising ways to adjust the established target approaches in the military education system. They guide the teacher and the student not only to achieve the current results recorded in the indicators of knowledge growth, skills, but also to the long-term results shown in the level of development of professional experience and the corresponding set of competences. It has been established that in determining the integral purpose of military-professional education it is necessary to focus on the development of the personality of the cadet and the complex of his general cultural, professional and professional-specialized competences as the future military engineer for flight operation of aircraft.
Kashirskaya Yu.S., Gulynina E.V., Kazakova N.A.
THE DESIGN OF THE EDUCATIONAL RESULTS IN THE UPDATED EDUCATIONAL PROCESS OF PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY
The objective changes taking place in the country and in the world have created and deepen the contradictions between the results of the actual model of the educational process carried out at the pedagogical University and the new tasks that the University graduate is called to solve today. The relevance of the issues discussed in this paper is primarily due to the tasks of modernization of programs and models of training of modern teachers facing today's Russian education. Based on the analysis of domestic and international experience, the basic principles are formulated that should allow the development of high-quality educational programs which eventually provide a predicted result.
Klyuchnikov Yu.Yu., Petkov V.A.
MODELING OF CHILDREN 'S CULTURAL AND SPORTS CLUB EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM
The paper presents the pedagogical bases of simulation of children's cultural and sports club educational system. The developed model of the educational system of the children's cultural and sports club includes conceptual grounds, goals, tasks, principles, subjects of the pedagogical process; forms and methods of organization of work, criteria for evaluation of efficiency and pedagogical conditions of its successful functioning. The model provides means for a positive influence on the upbringing of children; it stimulates their social formation. It is based on the best pedagogical experience in organizing sociocultural and sports activities with children, implemented taking into account the modern social situation, and fully corresponds to the social order of society in the field of education of the younger generation.
MASS CULTURE AND EDUCATION: ESSENCE, PROPERTIES AND FUNCTIONS OF EDUCATIONAL SIMULACRA
An analysis is made of the concept of "simulacrum" in humane scientific knowledge. The paper describes the process of transformation of mass culture in conditions of digitalization and gives the definition of the term "educational simulacrum". The author discloses the essence, properties and functions of educational simulacra. The status of educational simulacrum as a megafactor of socialization and development of students is justified.
Makarova E.A., Loskutnikova A.M.
THE EFFECT OF STRESS ON STUDENTS OF THE SENIOR CLASSES: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEMS OF SOUTH KOREA AND THE UK
This research focuses on studying the problems associated with the stress of high school students in schools of South Korea and the United Kingdom, on identifying the decisive factors through interviews and finding possible solutions to the problem of stress and the effective use of coping strategies to overcome it. In the context of modern globalization, enormous psychological pressure is put upon every individual. Scientific progress, large amounts of information create tension in all areas of society, as it is constantly in need of innovation and modernization that meets the requirements of modernity. Education is no exception. Constant reforms have led to the emergence of enormous psychological workload of students, which was the cause of the appearance of stress that is harmful to their health, and sometimes even to life.
Thanks to preliminary surveys, it turned out that life in South Korean society, especially among adolescents, is very tense. This is evidenced by a high suicide rate among adolescents. However, we also revealed high psychological tensions of modern British students compared with previous generations. This is particularly reflected in high school students, since the workload at an educational institution coincides with a very difficult pubertal period for each individual. Creating programs of psychological support in the learning process, and especially during the final examinations, requires the combined efforts of teachers and psychologists. For the effective use of such programs, it is necessary to study foreign experience, and to conduct a comparative analysis of their use in different education systems.
Meretukova Z.K., Chinazirova A.R.
THE PROBLEM OF STRENGTHENING MORAL AND SPIRITUAL EDUCATION IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS AS A SUBSTRATE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF A HOLISTIC PERSONALITY
The relevance of the problem of strengthening moral and spiritual education in the educational process is justified. The facts and reasons for exacerbating the moral and spiritual crisis in the world, in our country, among others, are considered. The thesis is justified that moral and spiritual insensitivity of people is the cause of social, political, economic and environmental crises and that it is moral and spiritual education that is the basis for solving the problems of all other directions of education, formation of a holistic personality. The publication reveals the possibilities of strengthening moral and spiritual education in the educational process of the university.
REHABILITATION AND EDUCATIONAL SITUATIONS AS A MEANS OF SHAPING SOCIAL AND PERSONAL VIABILITY OF DEVIANT ADOLESCENTS: DESIGN PRINCIPLES
Rehabilitation and educational situations are considered as a leading pedagogical tool for the formation of the social and personal viability of adolescents with devitic behavior. The principles of their design (the principle of the sense integrity of the knowledge component of the rehabilitation and educational situation; the principle of organization of personal orientation of rehabilitation and educational situation; and the principle of development and competence design).
Khazova S.A., Gitman A.V.
FEATURES OF PEDAGOGICAL PREVENTION OF DEVIANT BEHAVIOR OF ADOLESCENTS FROM FAMILIES WITH DIFFERENT FINANCIAL SITUATION
The paper discloses the diagnostic bases and gives practical recommendations on the organization of pedagogical prevention of deviant behavior of teenagers from families with different financial situation. The publication describes the used diagnostic tools to determine the tendency to deviant behavior and the structure of value orientations of the personality. The method is described of determining the level of material well-being of the family. The results of the socio-psychological survey of a group of adolescents are presented, and the differences between the deviantological tendencies of adolescents depending on the financial situation of the family are illustrated. Recommendations are made on the organization of pedagogical work with different groups of adolescents.