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#4 / 2018
General Problems of Pedagogy
Begidova S.N., Morozova I.V., Khazova S.A., Akhtaov R.A.
FORMATION OF SOCIAL EXPERIENCE AT ORPHANS IN THE MODERNIZED EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM OF ORPHANAGE
The paper shows the results and advantages of modernization of the educational system at orphanage focused on formation of social experience at orphans and children bereft of parental support. In turn, this is dictated by modern requirements of society to graduates of boarding schools.
A HUMANISTIC APPROACH TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN INTEGRAL, ECOLOGICALLY CULTURED PERSONALITY OF STUDENT
The article is devoted to a topical scientific problem – formation of an integral personality, who is presented by ecologically cultured, biosocial essence of the person. The author examines the concept of “humanism” and discloses the essence of the humanistic approach in the development of an integral, ecologically cultured personality of the student. The publication substantiates the humanistic approach, based on the nature of the person himself. This methodologically optimum approach is implemented within the framework of personality-oriented learning by creating psychological and pedagogical conditions for the development of the learner’s potentialities, his self-development and self-realization. The function of the teacher in the pedagogical process is presented as that of the organizer of meetings of the student with the values of ecological culture as an internal determinant of his self-development, self-realization, which can be directed, but not given from outside.
FACTORS AND PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS OF FORMATION OF IMAGE OF THE MILITARY TEACHER
The paper describes the role of image of the officer-teacher of military higher education institution as factor of its successful professional formation and self-development. Based on the analysis of scientific literature and available experience in formation of positive professional image of the military teacher and the executed monitoring of process of its development, we allocated the psychological and pedagogical factors and conditions determining the process of formation of professional image of the officer-teacher of military higher education institution, and described mechanisms of its development. The publication discloses the essence, and possibilities of its use as means of formation of positive perception of an image of the military teacher by cadets. Studies have found that the professional image allows you to provide efficiency of pedagogical interaction of the teacher and cadet, to improve the organization of teaching and educational activity of military higher education institution.
ABILITY TO HARMONIOUS JOINT ACTIONS OF EMPLOYEES OF THE SYSTEM OF THE MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS: PROBLEMS AND POSSIBILITIES OF FORMATION IN THE COURSE OF VOCATIONAL TRAINING
The paper analyzes the ability to harmonious joint actions as professionally significant personal quality of employees of a system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. The traits of the personality considered as a part of ability to harmonious joint actions are characterized. Their values as indicators of formation of this ability are defined. The publication shows empirically insufficient efficiency of traditional educational process in military higher education institution in terms of formation of ability to harmonious joint actions. The key factors and requirements to the organization of educational process providing the solution of the specified task are theoretically defined. Potential of physical training in this process is emphasized.
Demkina E.V., Taova M.Sh.
MANAGEMENT OF SOCIAL AID PROGRAMS TO FAMILY AND CHILDREN AS THE KEY ELEMENT OF FAMILY POLICY IN FRANCE
The paper discloses theoretical aspects of family policy. Specifically, aid programs to family and children are considered as a key element of family policy as system. Authors provide the analysis of modern family policy in general and shed light in detail on aid programs to family and children in France.
Katkhanova Yu.F., Korzinova E.I., Ignatyev S.E.
VISUALIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL INFORMATION AS PEDAGOGICAL PROBLEM
The paper discloses the content of visualization of educational information as a striking trend in development of modern information educational space. Realization of this trend results in essentially new communicative, cultural and educational phenomena considerably transforming the environment and influencing all its components: educational, social, information and cognitive processes. The publication discusses the prospects and a role of visualization in modern educational space presented as a source of new knowledge, development of visual thinking of students, as well as the outlined solutions of current problems of informatization of education and the new prospects of development of pedagogical science and practice.
EDUCATION AS PROCESS OF PREPARATION FOR LIFE IN THE ADYGHE CULTURE
The result of realization of problems of education as process of preparation for activity is the code of further life and destiny. Children master various types of activity and acquire such valuable qualities as persistence, diligence, flexibility and character, forming themselves as the personality. To disclose this subject, we used the work by A.V. Druzhinin "Mademoiselle Zhannet".
Strijakova N.E., Glushenko I.A., Marinchenko K.A., Petkov V.A., Romanov D.A.
DIAGNOSTICS OF THE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT BASED ON ASSESSMENT PARAMETERS OF INTERDISCIPLINARY RELATIONSHIPS
In the conditions of transition of Russian education to the multilevel system of training and realization of competence-based approach, the role of interdisciplinary relationships increases. Their accounting defines effectiveness and quality of teaching and educational process. In pedagogical science, scientists develop conceptual and mathematical models of intersdisciplinary relationships, but ways of diagnostics of potentialities of the educational environment are studied insufficiently. Authors of the present article prove importance of the parameters reflecting interdisciplinary relationships, characterizing a row, the content of the educational environment: modality, structure and generality. The pedagogical potential of the environment increases thanks to educational, developing and educational functions of interdisciplinary relationships, namely: to the fact that system educational process is more effective, than eclectic. Studies have found that generality and structure of the educational environment are reached thanks to the integrating function of interdisciplinary relationships and coordination of teaching subject matters.
Filonenko V.A., Tenischeva V.F., Petkov V.A.
FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL READINESS OF THE SEA EXPERT FOR ACTIVITY IN THE FOREIGN-LANGUAGE ENVIRONMENT
Formation of professional readiness of future sea expert in educational process of sea higher education institution has a number of the features regulated by Federal State Educational Standard and the International Convention on preparation and certification of seamen and execution of watch (PDNV). Use in educational process of special courses "The organization and the management of the mixed crew", "Psychological bases of management of ship crew", "Leadership and skills of work in team" provides mastering by students of effective administrative activity and formation of their leader abilities on the basis of development of foreign-language communication. Studies have shown that the success of formation of professional readiness of the sea expert in the conditions of foreign-language communication is caused by practice of application of analytical methods of decision-making in the modeled problem situations and by achievement of efficiency of use of foreign-language communication as means of regulation of technological processes on the vessel.
Special Methods and Teaching Technologies
Grebennikova V.M., Kainova M.M.
ROLE OF THE COURSE "COMPOSITION OF THE WRITTEN TEXT AND RHETORIC" IN PROGRAMS OF FUTURE MANAGER TRAINING IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS OF THE USA
The article addresses a problem of increasing role of such subject matters as "The business letter (Business writing)" and "Written composition" in vocational training of future managers in higher education institutions of the USA. The publication emphasizes that professional activity of managers assumes abilities to work with certain types of documentation and written genres. Managers have to be familiar with such forms of written texts as business correspondence, information and analytical reports, briefs and other types, each of which has its own structure, terminology and stylistic norms. Authors establish the fact that the modern higher education system of the USA pays special attention to future experts training in skills and competences of written communication. A considerable part of educational activity in higher education institutions of the USA is connected with performance of written works because the absolute majority of examinations is held in written form. Authors provide data on comparative analysis of programs of the course "Rhetoric and Letter" in the University of Texas of Austin and the course "Reading, Letter and Composition" of the University of Berkeley. The retrospective of changes in sense of purpose, tasks, and contents of courses (subject matters) of written composition at different stages of vocational training of future managers is presented. Authors of the article emphasize that efforts on standardization of contents, methods of teaching the course "Written Composition", expected results from its studying, and criteria for evaluation of quality of its development, as well as integration of this course into the complete program of vocational training of students of various profiles are continued in the USA.
LANGUAGE TESTING AS A MEANS OF MONITORING THE KNOWLEDGE OF BUSINESS LANGUAGE
Today English is the international language of business, negotiations and drafting important documents. Students should command a large business vocabulary and clichés, study the formal style of writing and speaking for successful business communication. Knowledge of the business aspect of English gives students the opportunity to understand the laws, rules, peculiarities of interaction in the framework of business relations and international business. Monitoring is an essential element of assessing the quality of education. Testing, in turn, being its effective form, is increasingly used in schools. It is advisable to have language testing (that determines the level of knowledge, the formation of language and / or speech (communicative) competence in business English) in two forms: oral (dialogue-interview, business game) and written (test of three levels of complexity). It allows the teacher to assess how well students have learned the necessary lexical minimum, grammatical structures, clichés, as well as the structure and algorithm of writing letters and business documents objectively. The article presents the criteria for marking such tests to make the process faster, easier and more convenient for the teacher, as well as objective for all students.
PROBLEMS OF ETHNO-LANGUAGE-ORIENTED TEACHING OF RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE IN THE TURKMEN AUDIENCE
The article is devoted to ethno-linguo-oriented training of the Turkmen contingent of students and the difficulties arising in this way due to the position of the Russian language in Turkmenistan. The definition of the concept of "nationally oriented learning" and its interpretation are given; the urgency of the problem of successful teaching of the Turkmen students of the Russian language is substantiated, due to the lack of knowledge of this issue. The purpose of work is consideration of the features of ethno-linguo-oriented approach in teaching the Russian language in Turkmen audience, the study of the causes impeding adequate language acquisition, and the allocation of the main factors is a prerequisite for effective teaching Russian as a foreign language (RKI). The main task in this direction is to build the educational process based on the linguistic, cultural, psychological and mental characteristics of Turkmens. The article provides recommendations on the solution of the raised problem and concludes that the nationally oriented and ethno-linguo-oriented approaches should work in a complex and be one of the leading in teaching Russian to Turkmen students.
Modern Problems of Psychology
Aronova E.Y., Bocharov A.V.
FEATURES OF SELF-PERCEPTION OF PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT BY TEACHERS - HEADS OF THE SCHOOL ORGANIZATIONS
This paper presents the features of self-perception of the professional development by teachers - directors of the school organizations. The authors reveal the factors providing professional growth and success of professional development of administrators of the educational organizations, and the role of system of professional development at different stages of professional pedagogical administrative career.
EXPERIENCE IN PREVENTION OF ADDICTIVE BEHAVIOR AMONG YOUNG PEOPLE IN THE REPUBLIC OF ADYGHEA
The paper summarizes and analyzes the main activities on drug addiction prevention among young people carried out by the Ministry of Health and the Drug Treatment Service of the Adyghea Republic. A comparative analysis of the number of primary and secondary psychological counsellings over the past three years was carried out. The publication offers a number of measures on drug addiction prevention within the youth environment among youth in the Republic of Adyghea, carried out by the State-Funded Health Institution of the Republic of Adyghea "Adyghe Republican Narcological Clinic".
IDEAS ABOUT THE COHERENCE OF ROLES IN THE FAMILY AS AN INDICATOR OF STUDENTS ' READINESS FOR MARRIAGE
The article deals with the problem of readiness of modern youth for marriage in the context of studying the concepts of consistency of value and role expectations and claims in marriage. The author carries out a theoretical analysis of the role structure of the family. The publication provides empirical data and analyzes the influence of belonging to a certain socio-psychological type of personality on the psychological readiness for marriage according to the named indicator. The comparative results of studies of perceptions about consistency of value and role expectations and claims in marriage of boys and girls are described.
AGE DYNAMICS OF VARIABILITY OF WAYS OF OVERCOMING NEGATIVE SITUATIONS AT SENIOR PUPILS
The paper discusses the results of a research on variability of ways of overcoming negative situations by pupils of 9-11 grades. The results of the empirical study show that age-related increase in adaptability of the used ways of overcoming is characteristic of senior pupils. Frequency of use of adaptive strategy increases, and the frequency of use of the non-adaptive one decreases. Decrease in frequency of use of all ways to overcome negative situations is characteristic of pupils of the 10th grade.These data can speak of relevance of the choice of a further educational route and examination for pupils in grades 9 and 11. Results of the study can be taken into account when creating a program of psychological and educational support of the formation of senior pupils' readiness for the choice of strategy of overcoming negative situations.
Educational Space of Physical Training and Sports
METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF FORMATION OF CORPORATE CULTURE IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION OF PHYSICAL CULTURE AND SPORT
In higher education institution there is a formal structure of administration, which is defined by the staff list and duty regulations of workers, as well as an informal structure of administration, which expresses the attitudes of people to performance of the functions and collective interaction in the organization. This informal structure of the relations in the organization is called corporate culture. In the article, methodological basics of formation of corporate culture in higher education institution of physical culture and sport are covered. Research methods include a system approach, system analysis, comparative analysis, analysis of references. The corporate culture is formed in the course of interaction of individual cultures and synthesis of individual cultures. Formation of effective corporate culture is the purposeful and long process, which is projected at the conceptual and program level of creation of strategy of management of higher education institution. The corporate culture consists of four basic elements: values, administrative principles, rules of conduct, social norms of behavior, which are interconnected among themselves and mutually flow each other, working as a uniform complete system. The corporate culture is the most powerful instrument of assembling people, workers and students of higher education institution of physical culture and sport to solve strategic objectives and problems of development of higher education institution. Further, through translation by university graduates as young specialists, owing to development of corporate culture on places of work, there will occur high-quality transformations of the sphere of physical culture and sport in the Russian Federation
Gronskaya A.S., Bliznyuk A.A., Malazonya I.G.
PSYCHO-PHYSIOLOGICAL CRITERIA FOR TACTICAL THINKING OF QUALIFIED BOXERS WITH DIFFERENT MOTOR ASYMMETRY PROFILES
The paper presents the analysis of physiological characteristics of nervous processes and motor asymmetries of qualified boxers from the standpoint of their influence on the formation of individual combat stance and the space-time characteristics of tactical thinking.
Dzhaubaev Yu.A., Dzhirikova F.D., Dzhirikov R.S., Maschenko O.V.,Bessarabova Yu.V.
SOCIAL ADAPTATION OF STUDENTS WITH A PHYSICAL CONDITION BY MEANS OF ADAPTIVE TOURISM
The paper discusses basic provisions of the organization of work at higher education institution on social adaptation of students with a physical condition by means of adaptive tourism. Data of a pedagogical experiment allow us to draw a conclusion that use of the developed model, program and pursuing the revealed pedagogical conditions make it possible to considerably increase efficiency of the work on adaptive tourism with students with a physical condition and promote success of process of their social adaptation and, as a result, personal and professional socialization.
Litvin D.V., Astafyev N.V., Akhmetov R.S.
DIAGNOSTIC TOOLS OF ASSESSMENT OF THE FACULTY PROFESSIONAL PEDAGOGICAL COMPETENCE AT DEPARTMENTS OF FIRE AND PHYSICAL TRAINING IN THE EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS OF THE MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN THE FIELD OF CROSS-DISCIPLINAR
Level of professional competence of teaching staff is one of the backbone components defining efficiency of the main educational programs implemented for the benefit of safety of the state, law enforcement and law and order in the educational organizations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation. The tools allowing diagnostics of special professional competence as key characteristic of professionalism of the faculty of applied fire and physical training are developed insufficiently fully. In the course of development of the procedure of such diagnostics in the field of cross-disciplinary integration we solved the following problems: the theoretical-methodological analysis of an object of research was carried out; features of design of the diagnostic tools directed to identification of the level of development of components of special professional and pedagogical competence were revealed; and instruments of diagnostics were created. Techniques of diagnostics were based on the principles of validity, efficiency, simplicity and informational content of the diagnostic device for determination of required competence.
Chermit K.D., Zabolotniy A.G., Kuprina N.K., Kushu S.A., Verzhbitskaya E.G.
ASSESSMENT OF THE PHYSICAL CONDITION OF ELDERLY PEOPLE BASED ON THE RESOURCE POTENTIAL OF THE RHYTHM OF KINEMATIC CHARACTERISTICS OF NATURAL LOCOMOTION (STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM)
Aging leads to destruction of functional rhythms of an organism including rhythms of performance of natural locomotion of the person. The rhythm of straight-line and angular kinematic characteristics of the movement is formed at early stages of ontogenesis and is one of criteria for formation of motive function of the person. Its violation at advanced age is one of objective signs of regressive changes of a physical condition of the person. Thus, the rhythm of kinematic characteristics of the movement passes into arrhythmia at violations of the mechanism of movement control of any degree that allows registering these violations at the earliest stages including at the prepathological level. However, the lack of objective knowledge on natural regress of a rhythm of kinematic characteristics of natural locomotion does not allow use of all resource potential of a rhythm to assess a physical condition of elderly people and to precisely direct impact of locomotory therapy for neutralization or decrease in rates of deterioration in a physical state. As a result, there is a scientific contradiction between need of disclosure of the resource importance of a rhythm of natural locomotion for objective assessment of a physical condition of people of advanced age and lack of knowledge of the resource potential of a rhythm in assessment of a physical condition of elderly people. The presented project is directed to resolve the presented scientific contradiction.
Chermit K.D., Zabolotniy A.G., Tseeva N.A., Ushkho Yu.D.
TECHNIQUE OF TEACHING MEDICAL PHYSICAL CULTURE WITH THE STUDENTS CARRIED FOR HEALTH REASONS TO SPECIAL MEDICAL GROUP
Physical rehabilitation of the students carried for health reasons to the special medical group (SMG) within the training program is one of the main objectives of physical training in the educational environment of a higher educational institution. The intensification of educational process, a hypodynamia, lack of a diet, rest and other negative factors lead to growth of number of pathological diseases of student's youth. Such students are sent for physical culture occupations to special medical groups where means and methods of treatment-and-prophylactic character are used for the recovery of health and working capacity of students who are engaged in these groups.
Elgaytarov A.A., Elgaytarova L.P.
DEVELOPMENT OF ACCURACY OF MOVEMENTS IN YOUNGER SCHOOL STUDENTS IN GAMES RELAYS
The paper discusses the author's approach to development of accuracy of movements in younger school students in games relays. The developed program of development of accuracy of movements assumed the planning of training in the main physical actions providing broad inclusion of games relays in annual and monthly cycles throughout which movements on the accuracy and ways of their performance are studied, fixed and become complicated. A number of tests and the five-point system of assessment of results of testing of the motive qualities allowing to receive not only objective picture of physical fitness of certain children, but also to reveal the level of development of accuracy at all group are offered. Pedagogical conditions of effective development of accuracy of movements in younger school students in the course of use of games relays are revealed and confirmed.