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#3 / 2018
General Problems of Pedagogy
Batchaeva Z.A., Kuvshinova G.P., Tambieva Z.Yu., Urusova L.R., Petkov V.A.
THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF IMPLEMENTATION OF COMPETENCE-BASED APPROACH IN VOCATIONAL TRAINING OF TEACHERS OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE
Based on the analysis of foreign and domestic psychological and pedagogical literature, we disclose the theoretical and methodological fundamentals of use of competence-based approach in vocational training of foreign language teacher. We show ways of implementation of three aspects of competence-based approach: cognitive, pedagogical and pragmatical, defining essence and strategic special-purpose character of vocational training of foreign language teacher. Realization of competence-based approach provides the high personal level of mastering specialty, forms creative identity and creates prerequisites for adequate relationship of objective requirements of professional activity and properties of the personality. Materials of this paper expand theoretical ideas of the pedagogical potential of competence-based approach, designate trajectories of development of professional and subject opportunities of foreign language teacher in the field of communicative activity by means of substantial and technological filling the educational process and allow the teacher of higher education institution to organize effective process of training at the cross-disciplinary basis conforming to modern requirements of science, practice, and education market.
PEDAGOGICAL DESIGN AS INNOVATIVE METHOD OF SYSTEM OF METHODICAL TRAINING OF BACHELORS OF PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION
In this research, pedagogical design is considered as the innovative method necessary for vocational training of bachelors of pedagogical education. We have revealed that pedagogical design in the course of training forms in general the methodical culture of bachelors of pedagogical education.
Bryzhko A.S., Petrosyan A.R.
INNOVATIVE MEANS OF COMPETENCE-BASED TRAINING OF CADETS IN MILITARY AVIATION HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS
This paper discloses pedagogical opportunities of using innovative means in competence-based training of cadets of military aviation higher education institutions. The peculiarity of competence-based approach in military education lies in the organization of special training of future military expert for activity not only in standard conditions, but also extreme, outside the military sphere. During the research, we have established that in the course of training of military engineers to flight operation of aircraft, the special training complex, which is innovatively simulated from several types of exercise machines, can be used as the optimum innovative means of training, capable to create all necessary conditions for formation at them of professional competences. Use of innovative means in military vocational training of cadets of aviation higher education institution, provided there is complex realization of the principles of continuity and innovation, allow teachers to increase considerably the level of development of professional and professionally specialized competences of future military engineer on flight operation of aircraft.
Bulakh K.V., Burtseva E.T.
THE MODEL OF EXPERT PROFESSIONAL TRAINING SUBJECT TO THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE MODERN LABOR MARKET
The authors consider the problem of developing a model of expert training taking into account the specifics of the modern labor market. Development of the content of professional training bases on the model of a specialist, which reflected all aspects of the structure of activity: personal, functional and subject and took into account the requirements of employers to the modern graduate. The content of the model shows the main activities of the organizers of the educational process, possible changes in the curriculum, which is a set of modules of disciplines. Choosing this, each future specialist has the opportunity to meet his individual professional claims, which in turn will contribute to the individualization of training and the formation of personal and professional mobility of the student.
Ivanchenko I.V., Pilyugina E.I., Shelpova E.V., Petkov V.A., Romanov D.A.
METHOD OF RISK DIAGNOSTICS OF THE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT
The paper describes the method of risk diagnostics of subjects of the educational environment. A fundamental basis of research was the probabilistic statistical approach as methodology of diagnostics of risks and assessment of danger of the social environment. Authors have proved a number of criteria and levels (group and individual) of risk of the educational environment. The way of gradation of levels of integrative safety of the educational environment is given. The offered method of diagnostics is universal and invariant in relation to a profile and level of social hierarchy of the educational environment. Safety of the educational environment is a key factor of both its efficiency (competitiveness) and success of personal and professional development of the student.
Kraft N.N., Dzhabatyrova B.K., Valesskaya R.I.
PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS OF THE ORGANIZATION OF COOPERATIVE LEARNING OF STUDENTS
Realization of pedagogical conditions of the organization of student cooperative learning is proved. The model of a system of pedagogical conditions for realization of a method of student cooperative learning is presented. Results of a pedagogical experiment to use the system of pedagogical conditions for realization of the Jigsaw teaching technique of student cooperative learning the discipline "Pedagogics" are given.
Lyalyuk A.V., Tuchina O.R.
INVESTIGATION OF RISK FACTORS OF THE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF MODERN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION: STUDENTS' POSITIONS
The paper substantiates the necessity of creating a methodological basis for the formation of the concept of psychological and pedagogical safety of the university. As a methodological basis, the authors suggest a subject-existential approach, in which the educational environment serves as an objective precondition to develop the personality and at the same time is created by the individual himself. The paper describes the results of an empirical study of the risk factors of the educational environment by the participants of the educational process in the university. The students assess the risks of the educational environment of the university as medium and high, which indicates that there exists a problem of psychological and pedagogical safety of the university environment. Based on the results of the conducted study, it is inferred that respondents attributed the main risks to the peculiarities of the organization of the educational process, as well as to health and well-being.
Makarova E.A., Vladikina Yu.A.
PEDAGOGICAL TRIAD IN THE ECOLOGICAL DIDACTIC MODEL FOR ENVIRONMENTAL CONSCIOUSNESS DEVELOPMENT
In environmental education, the learner and the environment itself are viewed as interrelated elements in the active process of mutual influence and change. But, in order to activate the ecological thinking of students, it is necessary for teachers and psychologists to participate in the educational process. When learning, it is necessary to take into account the adaptation process, the willingness to cooperate and work in a team, to assume and share responsibility and play different roles in the educational environment of the school. In this article, we will consider the coordinated and purposeful functioning of the pedagogical triad as a unified system of cooperation in order to provide an ecological education capable of forming students’ ecological consciousness.
Meretukova Z.K., Chinazirova A.R.
METHODOLOGICAL CATEGORY OF "UNDERSTANDING" AS PROBLEM OF SCIENCE AND EDUCATION
The relevance of a problem of understanding and need to consider it in the context of interrelation of science and education are proved, and parameters of this interrelation are disclosed. The meanings of the concept "understanding" existing in literature are systematized, and its status of methodological category is proved. Types of understanding and their essence are considered; short history of development of a problem of understanding, its significance in educational and research processes, ways and conditions of ensuring the understanding of the learned and occurring are uncovered.
ART AND AESTHETIC FUNCTIONS OF ARTS AND CRAFTS IN THE CULTURE OF THE CHECHEN REPUBLIC
In the paper, formation of arts and crafts by means of esthetic education is justified. The keen interest in art traditions and spiritual heritage of ancestors is connected naturally and logically with essentially new pedagogical tasks emerging from requirements of time. It is noted in the modern paradigm of education that teaching art disciplines has to provide an authentic and direct meeting of each child with art, awareness of his personal and public significance, creation of conditions for self- updating, self-expression of pupils in creative art activities. Arts and crafts have great attractive force; it can actively influence not only formation of art tastes of the person, but also formation of his spirituality. To know the national art culture in all its manifestations, to see it as a part of nation-wide cultural values, to promote that these cultural values became property not only our time, but also future generations, here a step to the solution of problems of art education.
Special Methods and Teaching Technologies
Vodolazhskaya M.G., Vodolazhsky G.I.
ON SUBSTANTIAL ASPECT OF TEACHING DISCIPLINE "EARLY COMPLEX PREVENTION OF VIOLATIONS OF DEVELOPMENT IN CHILDREN"
A new fundamental and practical approach to the content of discipline with an emphasis on the preventive medical and biological component is proposed. The results of the semantic analysis in the form of a five-module competence-oriented hierarchical information system are presented, the priority in which is the formation of a healthy outlook for the future defectologist, his future pupils, and their parents. The interdisciplinary complex nature and realization of the principle of scientificity is achieved through the available (neurophysiological, psychophysiological, biochemical, perinatal-psychological, didactic and philosophical) justification of the most vulnerable early stages of the child's development, up to the stages preceding the gametogenesis of their parents.
Modern Problems of Psychology
VIEWS OF APPEARANCE ESTIMATES BY PARENTS AND FRIENDS AS THE APPEARANCE SELF-ASSESSMENT FACTOR IN ADOLESCENCE
The article presents the results of an empirical study of the relationship of self-assessment of components and characteristics of the appearance of boys and girls with their ideas about the evaluation of these characteristics of the appearance by parents and friends. Appearance is studied as a complex integral unit, which includes the following components and characteristics: face, body; attractiveness of the face amd body for the opposite sex; appearance design; attractiveness of appearance for the opposite sex; compliance with the appearance of the sex; appearance matching fashion.
Evidence obtained shows that in the views of boys and girls, assessment of their appearance by parents is higher by all parameters than that of the research participants themselves. The author draws a conclusion that the ideas of high school students about the assessment of their appearance by parents and friends act as one of the socio-psychological factors that affect the self-image of appearance in adolescence.
Kovaleva N.V., Bortsova M.V.
FEATURES OF FORMATION OF THE SUBJECT IDENTITY OF PERSONALITY IN THE PRESCHOOL PERIOD
The purpose of this article is to describe some patterns of formation of subject identity of personality at the initial stages. It provides a brief description of the subject identity as an installation on life, its structure (information, emotional-evaluative, behavioral components) and the conditions of its formation. Purposefulness, initiative, independence, self-control and arbitrariness are considered as the initial forms of manifestation of subject identity in preschool age. The article presents the results of the study, which show that the combination of the child's involvement in creative activity and constructive or destructive strategy of parental attitude to him significantly affects the formation of the initial manifestations of his subject identity.
Yasko B.A., Mironova E.R.,Omelchenko N.V.
PERSONNEL’S LOYALTY AS SUBJECT OF THE PSYCHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
The paper presents a review of the developed approaches to interpretation of loyalty as organizational and psychological phenomenon. The authors give the results of the researches demonstrating interrelation of loyalty with value mindsets, professional identity and the official status of the worker. The company of the information and technological (IT) sphere is taken as an example to propose the algorithm of the analysis - definition of loyalty type, satisfaction of personnel with work and the realized administrative style. The practical importance of the conducted research lies in an opportunity to develop programs of formation and maintenance of loyalty of personnel as an important organizational and psychological resource of the company.
Educational Space of Physical Training and Sports
Biragov V.S., Doev V.K.
STRUCTURE OF SPECIAL PHYSICAL FITNESS OF YOUNG VOLLEYBALL PLAYERS
The paper presents the structure of special physical training of volleyball players. The authors recommend methods of training process of young volleyball players that will promote physical improvement in mastering the technique of volleyball playing.
THE COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTIC OF THE MULTIVITAMIN COMPLEXES USED IN GAME SPORTS
The paper presents a comparative characteristic of multivitamin complexes used in sports game activity. The author shows that the daily dose of vitamins of such multivitamin complexes as Multi-Tabs Intensive, Berocca Plus, Selmevit, Dekamevit and Supradyn is in the greatest measure right for the athletes engaging game sports.
Dzhaubaev Yu.A., Dzhirikova F.D., Uzdenov A.-Z.H.-M., Dzhirikov R.S., Bessarabova Yu.V.
IMPLEMENTATION OF EDUCATIONAL POTENTIAL OF THE RECREATIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION IN SPORTS HEALTH-IMPROVING WORK WITH PHYSICALLY DISABLED STUDENTS
The paper presents basic provisions of the author's approach to the organization of development of the personality of physically disabled students in the conditions of the recreational environment of higher education institution. Data from a pedagogical experiment allow us to draw a conclusion that educational potential realized in the recreational environment of higher education institution taking into account the revealed organizational and pedagogical conditions and functions of its recreational environment can increase efficiency of the sports, health-improving and recreational activity of physically disabled students and promote success of their professional socialization. This is displayed in positive dynamics of development of indicators showing the attitude of students to professional activity, processes of self-realization, self-education and self-improvement; development of personally and socially important qualities of future expert: tolerances, empathy, optimism, formation of optimistic moral and psychological climate in the student's environment.
DEVELOPMENT OF MOTIVATIONAL SPHERE OF SCHOOLCHILDREN FOR PHYSICAL EDUCATION LESSONS
Physical culture is an excellent basis for nurturing the activity of children, whose role begins with interests in learning. The child's activity manifestation is formed in conditions of the motor need. The motor need, as the leading need of preschool children and junior schoolchildren, manifests itself in labor abilities; with its help children learn the surrounding reality, communicate with each other in the process of game activity. At this stage of the development of science, questions about the formation of the motivational sphere of the individual (in particular, interests) in all the diversity of the process of physical education are quite relevant.
Kutepov N.I., Chermit K.D.
COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTIC OF FORMATION OF COMPONENTS OF PERSONAL PHYSICAL CULTURE IN ENTRANTS AND FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS OF MILITARY HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS
Ideas of personal physical culture have been revealed based on the opinion poll of entrants and students of military higher education institution. The paper studies extent of development of ideas of young men of component structure, understanding and use of values of physical culture for achievement of high level of physical training. There is steady need of respondents for development of motive qualities and for improvement of physical fitness. The vast majority of the young people connecting the future with military activity understand the professional importance of high level of physical fitness. The steady opinion of respondents is that the people connecting the future life with military activity have to be healthy. The obtained data set can become a basis for creation of process of preconscription physical training and a basis for formulation of pedagogical conditions for creation of effective system of preconscription training of youth.
Pustovit A.V., Shkuropy K.V.
OPTIMIZATION TECHNOLOGY TO CONTROL ORGANIZATIONAL AND METHODICAL ACTIVITY AT SPORTS INSTITUTION OF ADDITIONAL EDUCATION
The paper deals with the pedagogical bases of optimization technology design to control organizational and methodical activity of the children's and youth sports school (CYSS). The publication discloses the essence and structure of technology of the effective organization of CYSS educational process presented in the form of modular blocks, the content and variability of which depend on a look, type, forms and potential opportunities of sports school development. The authors show the way of optimizing administration of educational institution based on realization of an algorithm of content of problem modules, as well as options of variation of administrative activity orientation. Results of experimental work demonstrate positive dynamics of development of methodical competence of heads of sports school and professional skill of coaches-teachers. Statistically reliable is the level of growth of indicators of the studied criteria for the period under investigation.
Satosova N.L., Garbuzov S.P.
PROCESS MODEL OF FORMATION OF THE TEACHER’S CULTURE OF HEALTH
The paper discloses the author's approach to construction and realization of model of formation of the teacher’s culture of health. Application of a method of modeling of this process allows creation of the standard giving to the teacher an idea of essence of the studied phenomenon, bases of its structural organization, specifics of functioning and ways of design.
The developed structurally functional process model of formation of the teacher’s culture of health includes a set of the interconnected components: theoretical-methodological, target, motivational and valuable, design and technological, personal and activity, individual and creative, appraisal and reflexive. The allocated components carry out the orientation, motivational and incentive, personal and professional developing, appraisal and correctional functions. The process model of formation of the teacher’s culture of health developed and approved by us at department of physical culture and biomedical disciplines of the Armavir State Pedagogical University has shown the high effectiveness. Its introduction in educational process of pedagogical university made it possible not only to form successfully the teacher’s culture of health, but also to considerably increase quality of professional pedagogical training of students, to enrich their social experience, and to provide high level of readiness of future teachers for the organization of health-improving and recreational activity at school.
Fedorova I.N., Trembach A.B., Lysenko V.V., Krivulya V.V., Lavrichenko S.P.
THE COMPLEX ANALYSIS OF BIOMECHANICAL INDICATORS OF CHEST PRESS COMPETITIVE EXERCISE AT ATHLETES OF VARIOUS QUALIFICATIONS WITH DAMAGE OF THE MUSCULOSKELETAL DEVICE
In the previous researches, the algorithm of the complex analysis of biomechanical indicators in powerlifting at athletes with damage of the musculoskeletal device (MD) was developed. Research objective now is the complex analysis of dynamics of biomechanical parameters of chest press competitive exercise at athletes of various qualifications with MD. Twenty-four athletes participated in an experiment. Kinematic (a vertical component of movement of a bar concerning the athlete's body, its speed and acceleration), and dynamic (force developed by the athlete in the field of a humeral belt and a basin) indicators at dispersal and braking of a bar were synchronously recorded, and mechanical work and its power were evaluated. Low-skilled athletes at bar dispersal have force, acceleration and speed increased, and at its braking these indicators became negative and came back to initial level. At highly skilled athletes, similar indicators were significantly higher, and time intervals decreased that provided increase in work and its power on average twice. Increase in force, acceleration and speed when overcoming force of terrestrial gravitation happens at the expense of mechanisms of intramuscular and intermuscular coordination and the sports technique. Time intervals allow quantitative estimation of studied indicators at dispersal and braking of a bar and correction of training process.
Chernyshenko K.Yu., Akhmetov R.S.
METHODICAL BASES OF FORMATION AND CURRENT STATE OF CADETS’ MOTIVATION AT THE KRASNODAR UNIVERSITY OF MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION TO PROFESSIONAL AND SPORTS ACTIVITY
The paper provides data characterizing results of analytical and empirical work on formation and development of motivation to professional and sports activity at first - third-year cadets of the Krasnodar University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation.
Ebzeev Sh.K., Khatuaev T.A.
CONCEPTUAL BASES OF IMPLEMENTATION OF HEALTH SAVING POTENTIAL OF THE SPORTS HEALTH-IMPROVING ENVIRONMENT OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION
The paper presents basic provisions of the author's concept of implementation of health saving potential of sports health-improving environments of higher education institution, methodological bases of which are defined by a set of methodological approaches and four groups of the principles. A strategic objective of realization of health saving potential of physical culture in the educational environment of higher education institution is formation of culture of health of the personality of the student, and tactical, formation at students of health saving competences. The tasks of the organization of teaching and educational process include updating at students of needs for a healthy lifestyle and acceptance of values of health; development of professional and significant qualities of the personality, enrichment of experience of health improvement by means of active inclusion in a sports health-improving activity. Functioning of health saving potential of sports health-improving environment of higher education institution is reached by implementation of the contents of teaching and educational activity and efficiency of use of opportunities of target, procedural and technological, communicative, spatial-temporal, material and subject components of sports health-improving environment, which in total provide efficiency of process of the student’s health formation.