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#2 / 2018
General Problems of Pedagogy
Gordienko N.V., Airapetova D.A., Gagieva M.D., Elagina A.A., Pasechnik V.V.
SELF-EFFICIENCY OF THE PERSONALITY AS RESOURCE INCREASING EFFECTIVENESS OF PEDAGOGICAL ACTIVITY
The paper explores self-efficiency of the personality of the teacher which is considered by authors as a position of the person, his belief in personal ability to effectively realize his own professional needs for these or those conditions, for specific circumstances. The authors consider that the self-efficiency of the teacher is a perspective vision of results of work and confidence in success of this activity. The paper emphasizes that the position of self-efficiency of the teacher of preschool educational institution arises only under conditions of preference of more difficult tasks in comparison to other colleagues; statement of complicated, more often long-term purposes, as well as manifestation of active persistence at their achievement, and implementation of own psychological resources in work. Authors consider self-efficiency as a resource to increase effectiveness of professional activity of the teacher. Influence of a pedagogical experience on self-efficiency level studied enabled selection of such characteristics of personal self-efficiency of teachers as self-efficiency in subject teaching and self-efficiency in communication.
PREVENTION OF DEVIANCY TRAINING EFFECT OF MEDIA PRODUCTION ON SCHOOL STUDENTS
The paper sheds light on prevention of deviancy training effect of media production on socialization of school students. The work describes the program aimed at providing safe stay of teenagers in a media environment. The program consists of three stages: diagnostic, forming and a stage of estimation of results and reflection. The author presents data on the content and outcomes of the stating and forming experiments. Basing on the analysis and interpretation of experimental data, the author describes outcomes of the conducted research and generalizes the difficulties, which have arisen during the experiment.
EXPERIENCE OF FORMATION OF ASSERTIVE BEHAVIORS IN HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS
The article presents a mechanism for the formation of a persistent model of behavior in stress in order to increase the diversity of stress in itself through the ability of the argument to Express their views using the logic of passage and constructively resolve conflicts. Consider the necessity of developing skills of persuasive speeches in high school and described an example of practical classes form a model of assertive behavior among high school students, proven on the basis of the Discussion club, Smolensk, Russia. Shows the relationship of assertive behavior with the development of communicative competence.
The article contributes to the study of the formation of assertive behavior among high school students, and enriches the theory and practice of educational psychology. The developed technology allows to reach mutual understanding between students and teacher helps to create the internal needs of the pupil of the studied material, the ability to reasonably and logically to build it and to Orient in the situation of communication, taking into account the individuality of each and position on the topic being discussed.
Dyachenko V.P., Shkuropiy K.V.
DEFINITIONS OF BASIC CONCEPTS OF ECONOMIC EDUCATION FOR HIGH-SCHOOL STUDENTS IN THE CONTEXT OF COMPETENCE-BASED APPROACH IMPLEMENTATION
The paper discusses the use of definitions of basic concepts of economic education for high-school students, available in domestic pedagogy, and a possibility of their application in the context of a modern paradigm of competencebased approach. The work discloses the essence and meaning of a concept of economic competence of the high-school student, shows its relationship with other educational competences and integrative criterion for evaluation of efficiency of economic education of high-school students. The authors distinguish functions of competences and expertises in relation to various aspects of economic education of high-school students. The made analysis and generalization of the concept of economic education of high-school students, as well as the available xperience in the organization of economic education have given the chance to define the promising approaches and
directions of the organization of economic training of the Russian school students in the context of implementation of competence-based approach.
Knyazeva A.S., Galustov R.A.
TO THE QUESTION OF THE ESSENCE OF PEDAGOGICAL INTERACTION OF THE SUBJECTS OF THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS
The article reveals the essence of the concept of "pedagogical interaction", its multidimensionality; the methodological foundations of its emergence as an independent category are argued, which is presented in broad and narrow meanings; a theoretical analysis of the concept of "pedagogical interaction of subjects of the educational process", determined by the features of interaction of many participants in the process; the conclusions are presented which will allow the teacher to consider interaction as one of the conditions for the new state of the personalities of the subjects of the educational process and the factor of improving the process of their upbringing; outlined prospective directions for further research on this problem.
PROFESSIONAL SPIRITUAL EXPERIENCE AS RESULT OF SPIRITUAL EDUCATION OF FUTURE TEACHERMUSICIAN IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION
The paper provides the characteristic of professional spiritual experience of future teacher-musician as result of his spiritual education within a humane paradigm of the higher education. Substantial components of this experience are as follows: emotional and value, cognitive and semantic, communicative and activity, reflexive and reformative. The publication shows the stages of formation of professional spiritual experience of future teacher-musician in higher education institution and results of skilled experimental work in this direction.
Meretukova Z.K., Chinazirova A.R., Shekhmirzova A.M.
STRENGTHENING THE BRINGING-UP FUNCTION OF TRAINING AS PROBLEM OF PEDAGOGICAL SCIENCE AND EDUCATION
The paper substantiates the relevance of a problem of strengthening the bringing-up function of training and discloses the essence of the concept “bringing-up function” of training. The authors point out training factors having the educational potential. In this connection the bringing-up possibilities of such fundamental factors of training as content of education and methods of training are proved and examples from experience of the authors’ system of teaching illustrating such an opportunity are given.
DESIGN OF REHABILITATION-EDUCATIONAL SITUATIONS IN THE SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF THE CLOSED TYPE: THE EVENT APPROACH
Based on event approach, the paper propounds the conceptual provisions of design of rehabilitation-educational situations as means to form social and personal viability of teenagers with deviant behavior. The author gives the definition of the concepts “rehabilitation-educational situations”, “social and personal viability”, “social and pedagogical rehabilitation”.
THE ROLE OF MATHEMATICS IN THE PROCESS OF FORMATION OF FINANCIAL LITERACY
The paper tells about financial literacy, its role and direct impact on the level of human well-being, describes the influence of mathematics on the process of formation at students of financial literacy. At the end of the paper, the author proposes the main recommendations how one can introduce practice-oriented tasks of financial orientation in the classroom in mathematics in order to begin the formation at students of specific knowledge of skills.
Satosova N.L., Garbuzov S.P.
FORMATION OF THE TEACHER’S CULTURE OF HEALTH: METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES AND PRINCIPLES
The paper deals with the methodological approaches and the principles to a solution of the problem related to the formation of the teacher’s culture of health. The authors have used culturological, axiological and individual creative
approaches as the basic methodological benchmarks giving the chance to reveal the laws, the principles, factors, conditions and tendencies of formation of the teacher’s culture of health. The organization of vocational training of the teacher in higher education institution has to provide effective integration of process of formation of professional orientation of the teacher and development of his general culture and culture of health. The stated methodological bases of formation of the teacher’s culture of health will allow organization of effective process of its formation both during vocational training and in the course of pedagogical activity.
Tenischeva V.F., Filonenko V.A., Petkov V.A.
FOREIGN-LANGUAGE COMMUNICATION AS MEANS TO FORM PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF THE SEA EXPERT
In the conditions of increased requirements to knowledge of English, which is a working language of modern sea merchant marine fleet, training of specialists of this branch requires realization of cross-disciplinary approach where
English becomes not the purpose, but means of teaching and development of professional competence. Process of formation of cultural and professional competences of future expert in educational process of marine higher education institution has a number of the important features regulated by the Federal State Educational Standard and
the International Convention on training and certification of seamen and execution of sea watch. The competences formed at students during educational activity in higher education institution are available in working curricula of various disciplines and in programs of department of foreign languages that emphasizes their close cross-disciplinary connection and actualizes use of foreign-language communication as means of formation of professional competence of the sea expert. The success of formation of professional competences is due to efficiency of use of foreign-language communication at the level of social and professional meanings as a cure of the social and professional tasks modelled in educational process of higher education institution.
Special Methods and Teaching Technologies
Bganba A.S., Boryakova N.Yu.
FEATURES OF FORMATION OF COMMUNICATIVE ABILITIES AT YOUNGER SCHOOLBOYS WITH DIFFICULTIES IN TRAINING IN BILINGUAL EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT
The article deals with topical issues of the formation of communicative universal educational actions among younger schoolchildren with Abkhazian-Russian bilingualism, experiencing persistent difficulties in learning. Among the pupils of secondary schools, a special group consists of bilingual children who speak the oral form of Russian speech, but in educational communicative situations their limited knowledge of the Russian language is manifested. The imperfection of communicative skills is connected both with the difficulties of using language means of communication and with the shortcomings of psychological development of the child. The problem and pedagogical conditions of formation of communicative UDS in primary school children with difficulties in learning in bilingual educational conditions are not sufficiently developed and are particularly relevant for the education system of the Republic of Armenia. The article describes a comparative experimental study of universal educational communicative actions in Russian-speaking primary school children and students with Abkhazian-Russian bilingualism.
Pichkurenko E.A., Arkhipova A.I., Arakelov A.V.
DIDACTIC ASPECTS OF THE HERMENEUTIC CIRCLE AND THE DESIGN TECHNOLOGIES STUDENT TEXT
Above, the notion of hermeneutics that is essential for the construction of didactic systems. The possibility of extrapolation methods hermeneu-Tiki for education. The essence of the hermeneutic circle in the course of understanding of teaching text. A diagram illustrating the range of technologies for computer support of the method of the hermeneutic circle.
Educational Space of Physical Training and Sports
Bedeeva E.V., Pushkina N.V.
FORMATION OF STRONG-WILLED QUALITIES IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN IN PROCESS OF PHYSICAL TRAINING
The paper discusses the problem of formation of strong-willed qualities in preschool children during physical culture classroom hours. The weak degree of development of many aspects of this problem has an affect on education of children since teachers do not possess evidence-based methods of formation and objective assessment of strong-willed qualities. As a result, the pedagogical activity directed to formation of will has in most cases declarative character. The made analysis and synthesis of scientific ideas of essence and features of development of strong-willed qualities in preschool children, as well as the available experience in the organization of physical training have made it possible to define contents of the experimental program considering specific features of children, mainly for
properties of psychodynamics. The developed and given classes, actions and games have exerted the differentiated impact on children with different types of behavior and have provided efficiency of process of formation of strong-willed qualities of the personality of the preschool child.
DEFINITION OF THE CONCEPT OF ADAPTATION TO PHYSICAL LOAD
In the work the analysis of three stages, adaptive reactions to physical activity is given. It is established that in the process of adaptation to physical exertion a physiologically perfect type of respiration is formed. Increases pulmonary ventilation, increases the contractility of the heart, which is called adaptive reactions of the body. From the adaptation to physical exertion depends the effectiveness and level of health in the sports activities of young people. The work shows that the formation of compensatory-adaptive reactions is provided by the central nervous system and hormones of the adrenal glands.
Yermolina N.V., Morozova O.V., Dorontsev A.V., Blochina O.Y.
INFLUENCE OF REGIONAL FEATURES ON STRUCTURE AND MAINTENANCE OF LESSONS OF PHYSICAL CULTURE
On the basis of a complex research of efficiency of training at school need of correction of methodological and organizational components for implementation of requirements of the Federal state educational standard of secondary education has been determined by the subject "Physical culture". As a result of the made pedagogical experiment it is possible to express opinion that inclusion of development of tourist skills and the game "Russian Lapta" in a regional component of the program in physical culture, will allow not only to raise indicators of physical fitness and increase in reserve opportunities of an organism of pupils, but also to considerably contribute to the development of informative abilities and also orientation in time and space.
BLOCK PERIODIZATION OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF SPEED-POWER QUALITY IN STUDENTS AT ACADEMIC CLASSES ON THE DIRECTION OF LIGHT ATHLETICS FOR ENSURING THE IMPROVEMENT OF THEIR LEVEL OF PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT
The article analyzes the influence of the technique of block periodization of the development of speed-strength qualities in academic studies in the field of track and field athletics to the level of physical development of students, and their dynamics are presented. Taking into account the professional orientation and priority development of speed-strength qualities among students, the author's technique of block periodization of construction of training classes in the field of track and field athletics has been developed. In the block periodization technique, a system of three types is used: the preparatory, forming, realizing mesocyclic blocks and their successive replacement in each semester. With a successive alternation of special microcycles of concentrated training effect of different preferential orientation, a high level of development of physical qualities is maintained, reflecting an increase in the level of physical development. As a result of the conducted studies it was revealed that the author's technique of block periodization of the development of speed-strength qualities allows to increase the level of physical development of students of Omsk State Technical University.
Kusova D.O., Gagulaeva A.A.
A STUDY OF MENTAL READINESS FOR THE COMPETITION FROM SKILLED WRESTLERS
The psychological preparation of an athlete to compete is regarded as one of the parties to its functional training, which, along with technical, psychological and tactical occurs in varying degrees at each stage training process and primarily in preparation for each competition. The object of such training is always an athlete, as a personality with her only individual features, at the same time, has socio-typical features. The aim of this study was to study the State of mental readiness for the competition of skilled athletes. The object of the study were skilled athletes-master of sports, involved in freestyle wrestling, the purpose of the study was the condition of mental readiness of athletes to a particular competition.
Khamikoev F.G., Ketoev K.E.
IMPROVING TRAINING FOR PROFESSIONALS ON PHYSICAL CULTURE AND SPORTS AT THE UNIVERSITY
The article provides an analysis of the modern facilities necessary to improve specialists in physical culture and sports. Found that embedded in the practical activities of the Faculty of physical culture and sports technology, will facilitate the effective preparation of future personnel