Address: 385000, Maikop, Adyghea Republic, Pervomayskaya Street, House 208. Ph.: 8(8772) 52 48 55
#4 / 2017
General Problems of Pedagogy
Agoshkova O.V., Ozheva S.B., Demkina E.V., Begidova S.N.
MODERN APPROACHES TO TRAINING OF FUTURE MASTERS OF SOCIAL WORK IN THE COURSE OF THE EDUCATIONAL AND WORK PRACTICE
The paper discusses the features of a technique, the organization and the main directions in training of masters of social work in the course of the educational and work practice. The authors present in general the main types of professional activity and content of practice of undergraduates according to requirements of the Federal state educational standard of the higher education for the direction of preparation 39.04.02 Social work (magistracy level), orientation "Management in social work".
DYNAMICS OF INDICES OF STUDENTS’ COMPETITIVENESS IN SYSTEM OF THE HIGHER EDUCATION
The paper proves that there is need to organize special educational process in higher education institution to form students’ competitiveness. The meaning and definition of the concept "competitiveness of the personality" are specified. Different approaches to representation of structure and content of the person’s competitiveness are considered. The diagnostic tools allowing assessment of students’ competitiveness efficiency according to the accepted structure of this quality are described. Results of the diagnostic testing focused on determination of efficiency of formation of students’ competitiveness within traditional educational process are provided. The relative persistence of levels of students’ competitiveness and absence of its dynamics in training activity are stated. Conclusions are drawn that personal resources of competitiveness development are available and that it is required to optimize educational process.
Blyagoz N.Sh., Kuprina N.K.
POTENTIAL CAPACITY OF WORLD RELIGIONS IN THE ECOLOGIZATION OF THE LEARNER’S CONSCIOUSNESS
The paper discusses the use of the ecological potential capacity of the content of world religions in the ecologization of the modern learner’s consciousness in general educational institution. The authors show the attitude of the person to the nature at different stages of development of a human society and at various forms of public and individual consciousness. The publication presents the ecological potential capacity of world religions and proves the expediency of its use in the ecologization of the student’s consciousness.
Borodina N.V., Simonyan A.R., Ukraintseva I.I., Khachaturova N.Y., Khovyakova A.L.
FEATURES OF THE SOCIOLOGICAL PORTRAIT OF A STUDENT STUDYING THE MOST POPULAR AND PROMISING SPECIALTIES OF SECONDARY VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
The paper analyzes theoretical concepts of "social portrait" and "sociological portrait". The results of sociological research of students studying under the secondary vocational programs providing learning the most popular and promising professions and specialties are given. In the course of system analysis, the student is regarded as a subject performing professional self-determination on the basis of formed value orientations. The student is examined as a carrier of social and socio-psychological qualities and an element of management by the administration and faculty of the institution. The characteristics of a graduate of a secondary special educational institution as a potential specialist who is in demand on the labor market are studied. The results of the research significantly expand the content profile of the social portrait of a student specializing in TOP-50.
Bulakh K.V., Burtseva E.T.
PEDAGOGICAL ENSURING DEVELOPMENT OF INNOVATIVE PROCESSES IN PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION
The authors explore a pedagogical ensuring the development of innovative processes in professional education. The emphasis is placed on the analysis of the organizational and methodical blocks of pedagogical ensuring the development of innovative processes and such components as new psychological type of the head, the creative potential of the teacher and scientific equipment of the pedagogical process. The hypothetical model of creative potential development of the teacher of professional education basing on the component approach including emotional and motivational, methodological, psychological, pedagogical, valeological, general cultural, subject and methodical components is presented. The model provides practical work with the teacher which has to carry the personal focused character.
Bulakh K.V., Zhukova N.N.
HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT OF DUAL SYSTEM OF PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION IN THE COUNTRIES OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
The authors examine the history of formation and development of dual system of professional education in some European countries. On the basis of the analysis of documents of the European center for development of professional education, the major normative documents regulating the system of professional education and training in Germany, and works of the foreign authors devoted to the systems of professional education in Europe, the authors of this publication show the features of "classical" models of professional education and training in Europe: dual corporate model in Germany, government-regulation model in France and models of the liberal market in Britain. Special attention is paid to history of formation and development of dual system of professional education in Germany. Studying experience of realization of dual system of professional education in the countries of the European Union has allowed us to more deeply understand the major factors of success of the German model of dual training.
MODEL OF FORMATION OF DEONTOLOGICAL CULTURE IN THE FUTURE BACHELOR OF EDUCATION
The paper is devoted to a formation of deontological culture in future bachelors of education. The author describes the model of formation of deontological culture which is turning on four blocks: target, substantial, technological and diagnostic. Special attention is paid to specifics of methodological approaches and the principles of formation of deontological culture of the teacher, to a possibility of using the technologies of humanities and creation of organizational and pedagogical conditions for realization of this model. The role of continuous monitoring of level of formation of deontological culture on the basis of the marked-out criteria and indicators is emphasized. Realization of the developed model of formation of deontological culture in future bachelors of education promotes formation of motives of a responsible attitude to professional activity, to subjects of educational process and allows successful solution of professional problems on the basis of the principles of pedagogical ethics.
Meretukova Z.K., Chinazirova A.R.
THE STATUS OF THE PUPIL IN EDUCATIONAL PROCESS IN THE HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATIONAL SYSTEMS
The relevance of a problem is justified. The world outlook and methodological attitudes taken in this or that historical period of development of a pedagogical thought and educational systems as a basis in determination of the status of the pupil in educational process are briefly considered. The meaning of the pedagogical concepts and educational systems arising since the most ancient times till present and the status of the pupil in them are revealed. The most fruitful approaches to solution of this problem are identified.
FEATURES OF INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN ON THE ACADEMIC DISCIPLINE UNDER CONDITIONS OF HIGHER PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION
Features of instructional design of educational process in higher education institution on a subject matter "The scenic speech" are presented. The concept "pedagogical design" as a type of design activity is investigated. Stages of instructional design and the conditions of implementation of design of educational process on this discipline are described. Being guided by the VO FGOS standard, the system-forming relationship of the main characteristics of this discipline – external requirements, discipline purposes, educational activity, active forms of education and the controlling materials – has been revealed. The presented results can be of interest to both teachers who train bachelors for professional activity in the field of the cultural and leisure sphere, and to students who are subjects of educational process and who, together with the teacher, can participate in this design.
Romanyuk S.N., Demkina E.V.
GENESIS AND THE MEANING OF THE CONCEPTS "FORMATION", "RESPONSIBILITY" AND "RESPONSIBLE EXECUTION OF DUTIES"
The paper discloses the concepts "formation", "responsibility", and "responsible execution of duties". The authors investigate the phenomenon of formation of the personality as process of formation of the person under the influence of those public relations which he enters: mastering a system of knowledge, information about the world, and labor skills. During formation of the personality there is influence of set of factors: objective and subjective, natural and public, internal and external.
Saenko L.A., Zateeva T.G.
PEDAGOGICAL POTENTIAL OF THE TRADITIONAL CULTURE OF COSSACKS IN THE PATRIOTIC EDUCATION OF YOUTH
The paper discusses the main results of research related to self-identification of youth with the Cossacks and the attitudes towards the Cossacks. The attitude of students towards the traditional culture of the Cossacks and their self-assessment of knowledge on the culture of the Cossacks are shown. Alternatives of young participants of poll concerning their idea of manifestation of patriotism are presented. The reasons having negative effect on development of patriotic qualities in youth are designated. Pedagogical potential of traditional culture of the Cossacks in fostering patriotism in the students is allocated: diligence, family values, respect for parents and elders, service to the Fatherland, and high spiritual culture. Examples of work of the educational organizations relying in the educational work on the traditional culture of the Cossacks are presented.
Skudnova T.D., Pashkova M.N.
WORLD PRACTICE OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION: HISTORY AND MODERNITY
This paper analyzes the experience, achievements and prospects of international practice in the field of inclusive education. The publication explores historical aspects and the evolution of attitudes towards the education and teaching children with disabilities. The authors give a detailed characteristic of the legislative background and contemporary topical problems of system of inclusive education in the foreign countries.
Special Methods and Teaching Technologies
Denschikova T.Yu., Arov Kh.N., Dolzhikova M.V., Gluschenko I.A., Petkov V.A.
TECHNOLOGY OF TRAINING OF SCHOOL STUDENTS IN BASES OF INFORMATION SECURITY
The paper discusses the authors' approach to a solution of the problem of training of school students in bases of social information security by means of development at them of abilities of adequate perception and assessment of social information and its critical judgment. In order to form bases of information security at school students of pre-teen years, the authors have developed, realized and introduced the pedagogical interactive technology in educational practice, including a series of logically and successively connected lessons: business game, round table, presentation of the project, discussion, debate. The research has shown that realization of the developed technology differs in the following features: an opportunity to bring process of training closer to reality (on the basis of interactive lessons); intensification of a collective way of training; possibility of strengthening an emotional component of training; essential activization of independent educational activity of school students; development of creative abilities as leading qualities of the personality; and creation of the atmosphere of scientific researches and humanity in study.
INTERACTIVE LEARNING IN A FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING AS A TOOL FOR PREPARING FOR INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION IN A MIXED CREW
The problem of intercultural communication in a mixed crew has existed for quite a long time. However, it is still of current importance and the ways of solving it are significant for society. The article carries out a thorough research of the interactive learning methodology that allows the author to identify several key aspects as its advantages. The recommendations for the use of interactive technologies in the process of cadets’ training are made. There have been presented some technologies that are adapted for teaching a foreign language in an interactive mode on the example of the specialty "Ship power plants operation". Based on her own practical experience the author of the article comes to the conclusion that the introduction of interactive technologies into the educational process will not only improve the level of cadets’ training, but will also help to solve the problem of intercultural communication in a mixed crew, as well as the increasing of psychological stability of future seamen, which will have a positive effect on quality of the work performed.
AN ELECTRONIC TEXTBOOK ON ENGLISH IN A UNIVERSITY INFORMATION NETWORK
The article analyzes the characteristics of a modern textbook uploaded to the electronic learning environment of a modern university. According to the author, this environment is now predominantly of a network nature. Electronic textbooks that provide an opportunity for online learning can significantly enhance learning outcomes through the use of interactive tools of the virtual learning environment. This advantage is most clearly seen in foreign language learning, where the latest Web2.0 technologies are used in teaching English. The author believes that these new tools do not change the nature of language use. However, the author thinks that as the virtual learning environment exposes learners to new types of multimedia, it requires the development of new teaching methods and techniques.
Modern Problems of Psychology
DESTRUCTION OF CHILD-PARENT RELATIONS IN A FOSTER FAMILY
Accordingly to the analysis of the foster parents’ chats on the Internet, the author has highlighted the reasons leading to destruction of relationships in the foster family (from the child’s side: behavioral characteristics of adopted adolescent children; connection with biological relatives or search of them; from the society’s side: close attention to relations inside the family; social unsuccessfulness, formalism or a lack of assistance from foster family’s support services; from the foster parents’ side: hyper-responsibility for the results of upbringing an adopted child). The highlighted reasons will lead to a deeper understanding of particular life in a foster family, and also will help the development of measures to prevent children returns into the institutional organizations. The author draws attention to the fact that services of psychological and pedagogical support shall overcome the formalism when supporting a foster family. An issue about the necessity of educators’ and social-psychological services staff’ training for effective interaction with a foster family is raised.
THE LEVEL OF SOCIO-HUMANISTIC DEVELOPMENT OF SUBJECT ORIENTATION IN CONTEMPORARY STUDENTS
The paper presents the results of empirical research on psychological features of socio-humanistic subject orientation of contemporary students. Socio-humanistic subject orientation of contemporary students is superficial, situational. Subject orientation as a structural forming component of the student’s personality expands the list of categories describing their social reality. Systematics and depth of study of the contents are the criteria for the level of development of the subject orientation of contemporary students. Search by students for new subject information determines the characteristics of the development of their cognitive activity. The selectivity of students in obtaining subject information is mediated by the level of their mental development. The decisive importance in the process of extracting socially relevant content by students is given to the logical operations "classification" and "generalization".
PSYCHOLOGICAL PECULIARITIES OF FORMATION OF THE CONCEPTS OF LAW AT STUDENTS OF THE HUMANITIES AREA OF EDUCATIONAL TRAINING
The paper provides the results of an empirical study of psychological features of the formation of legal concepts among students of educational and professional groups of the humanities orientation. The structure of the notion of law is described by means of such generators as the area of competence, the semantic field, designations, and operational constants. The concepts of law do not fully realize their functional features in representatives of contemporary students.
Educational Space of Physical Training and Sports
Doev V.K., Godzhiev G.T.
IMPROVEMENT OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE OF MANAGEMENT IN PHYSICAL CULTURE AND SPORT
The paper presents the structure of a control system of physical culture and sports of a specific region, in particular economic, social and demographic factors of life. It is established that management efficiency is determined in accordance with the quantitative and qualitative structures.
Doeva A.N., Gagieva Z.A.
THE DIFFERENTIATED APPROACH IN PHYSICAL TRAINING OF SCHOOL STUDENTS OF SPECIAL MEDICAL GROUP
The relevance and novelty of the research lies in demonstration of a positive impact of special physical exercises on the state of health of school students of the special medical groups (SMG). In the paper, an analysis is given of systematic physical exercises used in the course of physical training of SMG pupils by taking into account medical-pedagogical contraindications and recommendations. At the same time it is necessary to combine methodically correctly these exercises, according to literary data, to be able to individualize, regulate and control a load at the lesson. Therefore it is necessary to select such types of physical exercises and physical actions which will take into account the constitutional features of a body build of children allowing carrying out individualization of physical training for physical aftertreatment and prophylaxis of deviations in the state of health. This paper proposes the differentiated approach to the organization of physical training of school students of special medical group. It has been established that use of special types of physical exercises will promote accounting of features of a body build of school students, and a type of a disease. Need of individual approach for physical aftertreatment and prophylaxis of deviations in the state of health is proved.
Rakov F.I., Tleuzhev M.K., Tatarkanov A.A.
PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL FACTORS OF FORMATION OF THE PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE IN THE TEACHER OF PHYSICAL TRAINING
This paper discusses the perfection of professionalism at higher school teachers of physical training. Psychological and pedagogical factors of formation of the professional competence at teachers of physical taining are revealed and analyzed.
Rozhnov A.A., Dobeyko N.I., Fedorov V.A.
CREATION OF PROCESS OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION OF THE FIRST-YEAR FEMALE STUDENTS ON THE BASIS OF THE SPORTS-ORIENTED TECHNOLOGY
The paper is devoted to the study of the state of physical preparedness and physical development on the basis of a change of physical training motivation. Within the framework of the research, a sports-oriented technology basing on problem-situational training, individual-oriented monitoring system, case technology, "tutoring" and borrowing elements of classical and beach volleyball was developed and tested. Also an experiment was conducted to study its effectiveness.
Tseeva N.A., Elnikova O.O., Mirza M.Yu., Tkhakumacheva Yu.B., Chuntyzheva Z.I.
BASIC PHYSICAL CULTURE OF FEMALE STUDENTS FROM SPECIAL MEDICAL GROUPS
The paper deals with the content of structural components of basic physical culture of female students from special medical groups. The authors determine the content, structure of means and methodical features of formation of physical culture of personality. Definition is given to the concept "basic physical culture of the personality". Its component structure includes the communicative, gnoseological, value-focused, self-determining and activity components. Initial level of formation of physical culture components of the engaged students is revealed. At formation of communicative and gnoseological components of basic personal physical culture, the high level of readiness of students to apply knowledge in unusual situations is revealed; their volume of knowledge conforms to program requirements. At formation of a value-focused component of basic personal physical culture, the student shows steady interest and the positive attitude to activity at lessons of physical culture in higher education institution. The student notes high interrelation and interaction of ways of activity, self-checking and self-assessment in the characteristic of formation of the self-determining component of basic physical culture.
Chermit K.D., Zabolotniy A.G., Elnikova O.O.
Biomechanical bases of the correction technique of regressive changes in motor function at advanced age and at old men
By applying the optical system of the video analysis of motions, the temporal boundaries of the phase structure of performing squats in the elderly age are defined. It is established that with age an increase in the duration of the execution of motor actions is mainly due to the increase in run-time squats by the time of standing. The data obtained can be used as criterion values in assessing the degree of motor regression and the development of new approaches of exercise application at advanced age and among old men.
Chermit K.D., Zabolotniy A.G., Mirza M.Y.
SCIENTIFIC-METHODICAL BASES OF ASSESSMENT OF MOTOR FUNCTION REGRESSION AT ELDERLY AND OLD AGES
Prevention of premature aging and maintenance of functional and social activity of the population are priority areas of research, teaching, medical science and adaptive physiology. Aging causes decrease of all body functions, which limits its ability to adapt to the changing conditions of existence. The reduction of functional level of homeostatic mechanisms in old age is the basis of defining morphological and clinical features of adaptive reactions in elderly and old ages. Active motor mode can be considered as a means of regulating functions of the aging body. The search for new evidence of prolonged action of the active motor mode, development of more justified and individualized modes have not only biological, but also pedagogical value. Intensiveness of motor activity has adequate limits and commensurates with age. To define rational boundaries of physical activity, as well as determine the composition and orientation of physical education to reduce the rate of destruction of motor function in old age, it is necessary to determine the regressive changes of natural human locomotions. To this end, based on the optical three-dimensional video analysis of human movements, the kinematic characteristics of the squat of old people have been identified. Graphic trajectories of angular displacements in ankle, knee, and hip joints were studied. Regressive changes of the space-time order of angular displacements were determined by comparing the obtained data with data obtained in earlier studies held among children aged 5 and 6 years, and among athletes involved in powerlifting.
Chipov A.Kh., Tokov Kh.Kh.-A., Sokhov A.B.
THE CURRENT STATE AND PROBLEMS OF FORMATION OF HEALTHY LIFESTYLE IN HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS
The paper deals with the problems of education of healthy and harmoniously developed young specialists, analyzes and reveals problems of formation of a healthy lifestyle for students of a typical agricultural university. Proposals are formulated for improving and creating a modern regulatory framework for protecting students' health.