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#1 / 2017
General Problems of Pedagogy
CONTEMPORARY REQUIREMENTS TO PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY OF THE TEACHER
The paper discloses the main requirements to professional competence of the teacher. .Special attention is paid to a professional personal position of the teacher and to the dominating pedagogical functions which the teacher has to implement in the professional activity. The essence of a concept "professional activity" is substantiated, and need to create educational process taking into account gender features of pupils and importance of education of the human in the person is emphasized.
CREATIVE COOPERATION BETWEEN STRAVINSKY AND DIAGHILEV AS AN INTEGRAL PART OF WORLD ART CULTURE
This work is recommended for teachers of World Art Culture to familiarize students with the "Russian seasons" of Diaghilev, which are the clearest accomplishment of the Silver age of Russian art. "The Ballets Russes” of Diaghilev (1909-1929) was a resounding success in many cities of Europe and America. To create ballets, Diaghilev attracted outstanding artistic resources of Russia - A. Pavlovai, T. Karsavina, V. Nijinsky, Benois, L. Bakst and others, and, of course, Igor Stravinsky. The role of innovations in all components of ballet – music, dance, scenery, and costume design is tremendous. Political events in Russia at the turn of the 19th – 20th centuries, gave rise to a new generation with new intellectual and artistic demands. After discussing the situation with the appearance of "Seasons", you may go to the story about the three ballets by Stravinsky: "The Firebird", "Petrushka" and "The Holy Spring". The teacher should indicate that an appeal to the national Russian theme, when creating a ballet is an outstanding innovation, which helped to acquaint the foreign public with the Russian folklore. The study of the cooperation between Stravinsky and Diaghilev as the creators of "Russian seasons" will make it possible to enrich the inner world of students, to broaden their outlook and to realize how important an understanding of people's origins in art creativity.
METHODOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE MONOGRAPH OF A.N. AUTLEVA "MULTIPARADIGMAL MODEL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SOCIALIZATION IN A MULTICULTURAL EDUCATIONAL SPACE"
The paper presents the results of the methodological analysis of the monograph of A.N. Autleva "Multiparadigmal model of environmental socialization in a multicultural educational space". The review highlights the undeniable relevance of the monograph, its undoubted innovation, expressed in the building the integral and at the same time sophisticated multiparadigmal model. It provides self-contained paradigmatic models that define various vectors of students’ activity in the process of environmental socialization, but united by a common methodology.
FORMATION OF READINESS OF FUTURE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS FOR TEACHING THE SUBJECT "WORLD AROUND"
The author presents his own approach to formation of professional readiness of future elementary school teachers in the course of studying discipline "A technique of teaching the subject "World around", which is grounded on system - activity and competence-based approaches. This paper shows the purpose, tasks and elements of the content of this subject matter and its value in formation at younger school students of a complete picture of the world. The author discloses possibilities of rating system to take into account achievements of students to assess level of formation of competences and development of professional readiness of future elementary school teachers. The publication shows the place which the developed approach occupies in the system of vocational training of bachelors of pedagogical education in higher education institution.
FORMATION OF SOCIAL AND PERSONAL VIABILITY IN THE COURSE OF SOCIAL AND PEDAGOGICAL REHABILITATION OF DEVIANT TEENAGERS IN INSTITUTIONS OF THE CLOSED TYPE
The paper presents the theoretical and methodological bases to form social and personal viability in teenagers with deviant behavior in the course of social and pedagogical rehabilitation. The author gives definition of the concepts "social and pedagogical rehabilitation of deviant teenagers", "social and personal viability", and "rehabilitation and educational situations". Means of social and pedagogical rehabilitation of deviant teenagers in the special teaching and educational institutions of the closed type – rehabilitation and educational situations – are described. Psychological mechanisms of dealing with rehabilitation and educational situations are disclosed.
SOCIAL AND PEDAGOGICAL SUPPORT OF THE YOUNG FAMILY
Recently there are more and more sociologists, teachers, and psychologists who draw attention to the crisis phenomena at institute of a family: growth of divorces, the birth of children by lonely mothers, the thrown children, etc. There is a significant amount of the families that need protection, the help and support. Among them a specific place is held by a young family which, on the one hand, is the most promising in the solution of demographic, social and economic problems of the country, and, on the other hand, is most vulnerable and unstable.
Ukraintseva I.I., Cherkasova I.Yu.
POSSIBILITIES OF UNIVERSITY AS CENTER OF LIFE-LONG LEARNING IN IMPLEMENTING EDUCATIONAL NEEDS OF ADULT POPULATION
The paper discloses possibilities of university as center of life-long learning in implementing educational needs of adult population. Also it defines the tasks to increase efficiency of overall performance of the center, the directions and forms of interaction with structures of the city.
CONTINUOUS GENERAL EDUCATION: PROBLEMS AND FACTORS OF DEVELOPMENT
This paper discusses continuous general education, its nature, components, and factors of development.
Shelpova E.V., Petkov V.A.
ORGANIZATION OF STUDENTS’ PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION IN COLLEGE
The paper discusses one of the aspects related to solution of the problem of updating the content of professional education by revising strategy of educational activity of secondary vocational education institutions. Its basis is made by personally focused approach which humanizes development of the personality and assumes development of the promising directions of professional education allowing optimization of interactions of educational institutions, families, employers and social partners. The content of structurally functional components of model of professional education in college is disclosed. The criteria are proposed for evaluation of efficiency of implementation of professional education in college allowing determination of the level of students’ professional educatedness.
Special Methods and Teaching Technologies
Avdeeva T.I., Vysokos M.I., Zykova S.I.
APPLICATION OF INTERACTIVE METHODS IN TEACHING
The paper describes testing as an effective interactive method to check the knowledge of students of the University. Introduction of testing as an interactive method in the practice of higher education is currently highly relevant in the light of increased attention to the quality of knowledge. This paper describes the forms, which can be used to represent the test assignments (assignments with a choice of one, two, three right answers; open-form assignments; and matching assignments). Tests can be applied for the current control, as well as in the assimilation of new material by students when the teacher organizes the monitoring activities. Special attention is paid to the creation of tests in the Moodle.educational environment. It is noted that the use of interactive tests makes it possible to increase the level of ICT competence of teachers to meet the professional standard and implement the educational process in the FGOS. The publication provides an overview of programs, copyright tools and learning management systems where teachers can create tests. The conclusion is drawn that only a systematic, thoughtful and conscientious study allows the student to prepare well and pass the tests, and implementation of the test methods of knowledge control in practice of higher education increases the objectivity and reliability of assessments of students ' educational achievements.
MIMICRY IN SPEECH ETIQUETTE OF THE ALTAIANS (FROM THE MATERIAL OF THE ALTAI FICTION)
We have tried to reveal the complete picture of the functioning of facial expressions in speech etiquette of the Altaians. On the basis of the Altai fiction, the first attempt was undertaken to show the facial expressions of speech etiquette at the Altaians. The person’s eyes talk frankly about his inner feelings. Changes in the normal expression of eyes include the emergence of a certain emotion, the signal-response to a stimulus, involuntary eye movement: distinctly shifty eyes, shiny look (luster in the eyes), etc. Man willing to hide information or give false information, tries to turn away, not to meet eyes with someone. Given this, in the process of communication it is necessary, on the one hand, to monitor his movements and facial expressions, and, on the other - to be able to "read" the partner’s reaction. In traditional society, people are turned to the others, especially with their social attributes, rather than personal traits: he is member of the family, clan, community, etc. Just the social and family characteristics determine, first of all, his communicative status. Accordingly, the violation of this status is percieved as an attack at social identity and is evaluated negatively. "The art of communication" in this situation is more exact observance of behavioral stereotypes, which also often require possession of quite complex technical skills.
Skudnova T.D., Sidelnik V.V.
INDIVIDUALIZATION OF TEACHING AND EDUCATIONAL PROCESS IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL IN CONDITIONS OF VARIABLE CHARACTER EDUCATION
The paper is devoted to theoretical and practical aspects of individualization of teaching and educational process in the elementary school in conditions of variable character education. It examines the origin of the scientific approach and the experience in implementation of the variational model of primary education in gymnasium No. 2 named after A.Ð. Ñhekhov, Taganrog.
THE INTERACTIVE VIDEO METHOD OF TEACHING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE TO ENGINEERING STUDENTS
The paper analyzes the interactive video method of teaching a foreign language being used at a technical university. It is pointed out that in accordance with the Bologna process professional training should be in native language and English and university teachers should be able to give lectures and make talks and presentations in English. The paper emphasizes the efficiency of the interactive video teaching method for forming linguistic competence of technical university graduates when they acquire listening comprehension and speaking skills in their professional field.
Educational Space of Physical Training and Sports
MODEL OF TRAINING OF FUTURE PHYSICAL EDUCATION TEACHERS TO HEALTH IMPROVING AND RECREATIONAL WORK WITH SCHOOL STUDENTS
The paper discusses the approach to solve a problem of the organization of vocational training of future physical education teachers to health-improving and recreational work with school students. The author describes structural components and the content of model of teaching vocational training disciplines based on the author's concept of a physical recreation. Also pedagogical conditions of its realization in the course of vocational training of teachers are given. The data of experimental work confirming efficiency of the proposed model are provided.
Bguashev A.B., Ioakimidi Yu. A., Karyagina N.V., Shram V.P.
PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCES OF HIGHER SCHOOL TEACHERS IN SYSTEM OF TRAINING OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORT SPECIALISTS
The paper discusses the issues of vocational training of experts in the field of physical education and sport in system of higher education. The content of professional competence of the expert in physical education and sport has to correspond to various types of activity (scientific, pedagogical, recreational, sports, etc.). At the same time the attention is paid to requirements imposed to the teacher of the higher school for implementation of pedagogical and research activity. This paper shows the components of professional competence of experts in the sphere of physical education and sport.
Bessarabova Yu.V., Zhuravleva T.V., Dzhaubaev Yu.A.
FITNESS TECHNOLOGIES AS MEANS OF SELF-DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS WITH HEALTH LIMITATIONS IN THE RECREATIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION
The paper describes the content of activities to organize self-development of students with health limitations in the recreational environment of higher education institution. The authors scientifically prove one of the ways of implementation of this process by means of fitness technologies. The presented indicators of self-development confirm the positive changes in the motivational sphere promoting development of sports and recreational competence of students with health limitations.
FORMATION TECHNIQUE OF ABILITY TO HARMONIOUS JOINT ACTIONS IN THE COURSE OF CADETS’ PHYSICAL TRAINING AT HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS OF THE MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS
The major requirement to the beginning employees of system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs is rapid adaptation to real conditions of office activity. This is substantially caused by ability to participate effectively in collective actions. The specified ability is based on social and psychological readiness of the young employee to behavior in group, to professional communication, to joint actions when performing professional duties, to interaction with colleagues and the administration, etc. Practice shows that the main difficulties in professionalizing young police officers at the beginning of their office activity are connected with the ability to harmonious joint actions uniting the above-mentioned and some other traits. Therefore, development of this ability needs purposeful attention in the course of cadets’ vocational training. Process of physical training and, in particular, the directed application of sports games has the considerable pedagogical potential for the solution of the called task.
EMOTIONAL FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE STUDENTS OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION OF PHYSICAL TRAINING DURING EXAMINATIONS
The paper discusses the influence of negative emotional factors on a physical condition of students during examinations. To study this problem, the questioning, including 30 statements, was carried out. Low, mean and high levels of emotional tension were estimated. Students from one to four courses of a profile of training "Sports and Health-Improving Technologies" (SHIT) (the young men – 47, girls - 51) and students of a profile of training "Sports Education" (SE) (respectively, 37 and 52) participated in this research. The author shows that various professional specializations of students can exert impact on results of their adaptation to negative influence of the emotional factors during examinations. It is especially displayed at registration of "a bad dream" at young men, and to a lesser extent at girls and emotional tension at girls (to a lesser extent at young men) in favor of students of the SHIT profile. On the basis of the obtained results of researches it is possible to recommend to students during examinations not to reduce physical activity with the use of modern types of sports and health-improving technologies (for example, athletic gymnastics, basic aerobics, a step aerobics, fitness yoga, Pilates, etc.) as the effective remedies reducing factors of negative impact on indicators of emotional tension and dream.
Dzhirikova F.D., Dzhirikov R.S., Romanov D.A.
INDEX OF THE HEALTHY LIFESTYLE AS THE EFFICIENCY CRITERION FOR STUDENTS’ PHYSICAL TRAINING
One of the objectives of physical training is to form a healthy lifestyle at people as the major component of physical culture of the personality. The universal methods of assessment of indicators of health level of society which are available in sociological science in the theory and technique of physical training do not allow objective estimation of the level of formation in students of healthy lifestyle. The authors propose their own approach to justify the criterion for objective assessment of efficiency of formation at students of healthy lifestyle (HL), which makes it possible to estimate, how effectively physical training in higher education institution carries out the social order of society to form in students a healthy lifestyle.
CONCEPT OF DEONTOLOGICAL TRAINING OF THE FUTURE PHYSICAL EDUCATION TEACHER
The paper discusses the main aspects of the author's concept of deontological training of the future physical education teacher in the context of a paradigm of updating the content of professional education in the field of physical training. The author considers that deontological training of the future physical education teacher should be regarded as an important factor of a humanization of professional education and efficiency of the correctional developing work on physical training of pupils with health limitations (HL). The developed concept contains target reference points, the conceptual and categorial device, the leading idea, and the concept core. The account by teachers and students of the basic conceptual provisions makes it possible to realize successfully deontological training of the future physical education teacher.
Khazova S.A., Bguashev A.B., Gunazhokov I.K., Gonezhuk A.G.
COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTIC OF TYPES OF PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY OF EXPERTS IN THE FIELD OF PHYSICAL TRAINING AND SPORTS AS REFERENCE POINT IN DESIGN OF TWO-LEVEL VOCATIONAL TRAINING
The paper discusses the questions related to problems of professional education of experts in the field of physical training and sports. The content of professional education of such experts has to reflect specifics of their future professional activity. At the same time it is necessary to consider various types of professional activity of such experts. They have various purposes and values, objects and means, actions and operations, features of the professional environment, etc. The paper presents the comparative characteristic of types of professional activity of experts in the field of physical training and sports.