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#2 / 2016
General Problems of Pedagogy
Begidova S.N., Khazova S.A., Morozova I.V., Akhtaov R.A.
WAYS OF MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM OF ORPHANAGE
The theoretical aspects of modernization of educational system of orphanage are presented in this paper. The reasons are shown why social experience at orphan children and children without parental support is insufficiently shaped. This leads to difficulties in their adaptation during the post-hostel period. It is noted that the educational system of orphanage has to be constructed in accordance with the family type, including children in the uneven-age mosaic groups founded on their interests and creating conditions for creative personal development. Such approach reduces risk of desocialization of the child, providing it painless adaptation in society in the future.
CULTURAL VALUES OF ADYGHES AND THEIR TRANSLATION AT RURAL SCHOOL
Cultural values of Adyghes and educational system of rural national school are inseparable in formation of quality of humanity, "adygage" at the growing person. The objective to change the development of the person and fill his essence by sociocultural value sense lies in the content, purport and procedure of educational system of rural school. Value guiding lines are necessary not only to form the younger generation, but also to preserve the growing person’s own ethnic culture.
THE SCIENTIFIC TEXT AS THE SUBJECT OF THE ANALYSIS IN THEORETICAL-METHODOLOGICAL TRAINING OF POSTGRADUATE STUDENTS
The paper substantiates the need to form at postgraduate students of knowledge, skills and experience in the correct critical analysis of the studied sources of information, in particular, the scientific text. The publication offers the technique of formation of such readiness and parameters (structural components) by which quality of the studied information source is estimated.
Khakunova F.P., ReutovaL.P.
COMMUNICATION MULTIASPECTUALITY AS SOURCE OF THE ORIGIN OF COMMUNICATIVE UNIVERSAL LEARNING ACTIONS OF PUPILS
The communication multiaspectuality is substantiated as one of blocks of universal learning actions meeting the key purpose of the general education. Types of communication are analyzed: the interaction, cooperation, an interiorization and a reflection which defined structure of communicative universal learning actions, abilities and competence of pupils of the main school. The paper allocates the most productive moments of the organization of formation of communicative universal learning actions: the concept "universal learning actions of pupils" is specified; effective conditions of the organization of formation of the universal learning actions at the main school are listed; conceptual provisions of formation of universal learning actions of pupils are formulated. Materials of this paper will help teachers to modify the program of formation of universal learning actions of pupils.
THE ORGANIZATION OF EFFECTIVE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS IN UNEVEN-AGE GROUPS: PROBLEM STATEMENT
High-quality changes of educational space, new ways of obtaining and processing information, transfer of education to virtual environment - this is not the full list of "innovations" which the teacher of higher education institution faces today. The social portrait of the modern student also changed. The aim of this paper is to explore inducements of students in uneven-age groups, and to identify the capacity of uneven-age groups as a basis to organize the effective educational process.
Elgaitarova L.P., Elgaitarov A.A.
FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL HEALTH OF THE STUDENT AT HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION
One of the directions of a humanization of the Russian higher education is formation of professional health at students. It acts as an indicator and result of activity of higher education institution, determining the level and quality of specialist’s vocational training. This paper discloses the basic aspects of the organization of formation of professional health at students including the concept development, the model creation, and designing the contents and ways of diagnostics. Also it shows the mechanisms of their logical transformation into processes of professional self-organization and self-development of the student. Positive dynamics of change in professional health of students testifies to high efficiency of the developed approach to formation of professional health of the student.
Special Methods and Teaching Technologies
THE APPLICATION OF COMPUTER MODELING IN THE TEACHING OF MATHEMATICS
The paper reveals the specifics of using computer models, compared to other means of learning mathematics. The use of information technology in education provides subject-a vivid picture of the objects involved in the problem and is a special means of symbolization in scientific-theoretical thinking. Computer modeling is not private means of learning, but one of the general methods of knowledge used in various fields. With increasing development of computer technologies, mathematical modeling emerged as an independent and quite important field of computer application. In the study of mathematics in high school more than half of teaching time is given to solving word problems. A sequence of mathematical models is being built during the problem-solving process. Management simulation occurs in the form of a dialogue between man and computer, or rather, a particular computer program. The paper provides an example of solving problems in geometry. Stages of the problem solution in building a computer mathematical model are shown.
THE ORGANIZATION OF INDEPENDENT WORK OF UNDERGRADUATES WHEN STUDYING THE BUSINESS FOREIGN LANGUAGE
In this paper, need to organize independent work of undergraduates in the field of training 44.04.01 "Pedagogical Education" is actualized in learning a business foreign language. Terms of successful organization of independent work of students are offered: creation of the information and communication environment to learn foreign languages; use of interactive technologies of training; formation of research activity of students when studying a business foreign language. Materials of paper prove high efficiency of innovative technologies and interactive forms of education as a basis of personal development and formation of competences of the undergraduate.
ZhazhevaD.D., Zhazheva S.A.
THEORETICAL BASES OF RESEARCH ON DEVELOPMENT OF THE RUSSIAN SPEECH AT NATIONAL SCHOOL
Development of coherent oral and written speech of students is the main task of teaching Russian language in national schools. Mastering other academic subjects also depends on extent of their speech development. To date, a complete system for the development of coherent Russian speech of students has not been developed yet and many aspects are insufficiently studied that determined the purpose and content of this research. In the course of training in the second language one of the most important points is the development of speech and formation of lexical skills. Practice shows that the development of speech and mastering the vocabulary are the weakest link in the course of teaching non-Russian students to the Russian language. The large number of the lexical mistakes made by them in the Russian speech testifies to it.
Modern Problems of Psychology
Ershova V.V., Popova M.R.
PSYCHOLOGICAL ADAPTATION OF CHILDREN WITH THE HEARING DISORDER AFTER COCHLEAR IMPLANTATION
The paper discusses one of the most effective methods of rehabilitation of deaf children, cochlear implantation. The main features of psychological adaptation of children with a hearing disorder after cochlear implantation are defined.
CRITICAL STATE OF PERSONALITY AS PSYCHOLOGICAL PHENOMENON
The paper is devoted to analysis of the critical state of personality as a psychological phenomenon. The tasks of the article include: analysis of the terms “crisis” and “critical state” as understood by Russian and international authors; review of age-related crises as personality development stages; analysis of age-related and personality crises within the categories of post-non-classical rationality; and substantiation of method for overcoming age-related crisis as a factor of characterological personality features formation. Conclusion is made that the critical state necessarily contains an opportunity of passing over to the new level of personality organization, due to the dialectical nature of emotional behavioral reaction in a critical situation as the one connected with threat.
Petrosyan S.N., Ryabikina Z.I.
PERSONALITY AND ITS EXISTENCE AS A SUBJECT DOMAIN OF PSYCHOLOGY
The paper presents the analysis of the evolution of approaches to the personality problem, current trends in studying and understanding of personality, and the subject-existential approach as one of the promising trends in personality research. Conclusion is drawn that examination of the categorical unity of “personality and its existence” as a subject domain of psychology allows us to enlarge the problematic area of psychological researches, to combine a number of personality investigation trends, and to continue the study of personality phenomenon in the full multiaspectuality of its manifestations.
Educational Space of Physical Training and Sports
Arishin A.V., Pogrebnoy A.I.
A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF STROKE KINEMATICS IN COMPETITIVE SWIMMERS
The paper provides the results of comparison of the main kinematic characteristics of a stroke at swimmers of various skills. The revealed distinctions in kinematics of a stroke explain the reason of smaller efficiency of a stroke at the studied swimmers in comparison with the elite ones.
THE TECHNOLOGICAL SCHEME OF MANAGEMENT OF THE PROFESSIONALLY FOCUSED VOLUNTEER TRAINING OF STUDENTS IN THE FIELD OF PHYSICAL CULTURE AT THE KUBAN STATE UNIVERSITY OF PHYSICAL CULTURE, SPORT AND TOURISM
High-quality use of heritage of the 22nd Olympic and 11th Paralympic Winter Games of 2014 in Sochi is an important national objective for Russia. Such non-material heritage is the volunteer movement in the student's environment which is of essential importance from the point of view of formation of the personality and vocational training of experts in the sphere of physical culture. This paper discloses technological experience in volunteer training of students of the Kuban State University of Physical Culture, Sport and Tourism. Also the paper shows the stages of training of volunteers, problems of management and vocational education, as well as pedagogical tools. Positive influence of the developed technology on formation of interests of students in the field of physical culture and on mastering the competences necessary for understanding and acceptance of values of future profession is proved during experiment.
Ioakimidi Yu.A., Korokhova N.A.
PEDAGOGICAL ATTITUDE AS PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE IN STRUCTURE OF THE PROFESSIONALLY PEDAGOGICAL ORIENTATION OF THE PERSONALITY OF THE SPECIALIST IN PHYSICAL CULTURE AND SPORT
This paper discusses the formation of pedagogical attitude as a competence of a professionally pedagogical orientation of the specialist in physical culture and sport, and discloses its structure.
FEATURES OF RESULTS OF COMPETITIVE ACTIVITY OF SWIMMERS AGED 10-12 YEARS WITH DIFFERENT TYPES OF MOTOR ASYMMETRY PROFILES
This scientific article explores features of results of competitions of 10-12 year-old swimmers with different profiles of motor asymmetry. Also this publication examines features of results of the carried-out manual and foot tepping-test to define the type of the profile of motor asymmetry which is indirectly reflecting lability of nervous processes.
Ovchinnikov Yu.D., Dzyuba N.Yu.
BIOMECHANICS OF THE MOVEMENT IN EXERCISES OF YOUNG KARATEKAS’ TRAINING
The paper describes the biomechanics of the movement in exercises of training process of young karatekas (age group of 6-12 years), engaged in karate section at secondary comprehensive school No. 45 in Krasnodar. The authors coined the term "staging biomechanical tasks" when performing exercises with the goal of building a system of motions in biomechanics of motor activity in the exercises (a specialized sport of karate). Feature of the analysis of training process is that the second coach is the student of a full-time department studying the subject "Biomechanics of Motor Activity" who uses the knowledge gained in the classroom in work with children. Such approach gives the chance to consider the mechanism of implementation of professional competences of the subject in various directions.
Shapovalov A.V., Khazova S.A., Klimenko A.A., Dzhamirze N.K.
MODEL OF HEALTH CARE ACTIVITY OF THE EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATION
Deterioration in health of the population and, first of all, younger generation, is a serious problem of the Russian reality. Its decision is a relevant public national objective. Considerable part of means, ways and methods of a health care of children and teenagers belong to the field of education, namely: to health care pedagogy. The author's view of the content of the health care pedagogical activity based on wide use of means of physical training is presented in this paper.
Elgaitarov A.A., Elgaitarova L.P., Dzhaubaev Yu.A., Petkov V.A., Romanov D.A.
MANY-KILOMETER WALKING AS MEANS OF HEALTH IMPROVEMENT AND PHYSICAL RECREATION OF STUDENTS
The paper substantiates a many-kilometer walking as means to improve and recreate activity and as the tool to monitor physical activity of students. The author's technique of an assessment of health and working capacity on the basis of health improving walking is described. Formulas to calculate indicators of efficiency of the author's technique and the analysis of results of students’ testing are given. Research results show that this type of motor activity is an effective means of the student’s sport and health improving activity and it is expedient to apply it within independent occupations by health improving physical culture.