Address: 385000, Maikop, Adyghea Republic, Pervomayskaya Street, House 208. Ph.: 8(8772) 52 48 55
#3 / 2016
General Problems of Pedagogy
Begidova S.N., Vasilenko P.G.
THE STYLIZED DRAWING AS THE SPECIAL TYPE OF ART CREATIVITY
In this paper, the stylized drawing is regarded as a special type of fine art creative activity. The authors show the difference in the stylized drawing compared to academic, for example, an exaggeration of the most expressive features of nature and abolition of some details which are of secondary importance. The publication validates specifics of creative stylized drawing abilities, distinguishing the leading and auxiliary abilities. Auxiliary abilities comprise emotional associative perception, plane ornamental vision of nature, sensomotor qualities, stylization and decorative interpretation of nature which should persistently be developed at students learning the stylized drawing.
Bunchuk S.V., Petkov V.A.
FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL IMAGE OF THE TEACHER OF MILITARY HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION
The paper shows the role of image of the military teacher as factor of his successful professional formation. A positive professional image promotes efficiency of pedagogical interaction of the teacher and cadet and the improved organization of teaching and educational activity of military higher education institution. The publication describes the essence, structure and functions of professional image and a possibility of its use as means of social influence and formation of positive perception of an image of the military teacher by cadets.
STRUCTURE OF STUDENT’S VOLUNTEER TRAINING
Degree of a humanization of society first of all is characterized by the attitude towards the most vulnerable members of society. At the same time here has value not only attitude of the state, but also the attitude of society and specific people. One of manifestations of humanity is the volunteering understood as the social phenomenon and social movement. Development of the volunteer movement in the student's environment has essential educational value and value from the point of view of vocational training. However the main conditions of application of volunteering as means and a method of professional and moral development of the personality in higher education institutions of the country are not applied adequately owing to lack of knowledge of components and conditions of volunteer activity. Justification and structure of volunteer activity from the point of view of relationships of cause and effect is presented in article.
Lebedeva I.V., Khazova S.A., Begidova S.N., Demkina E.V.
THE THEORY AND TECHNOLOGY OF COLLEGE STUDENT’S TRAINING THE CULTURE OF COMPETITIVE INTERACTIONS
Category of personal culture (culture of the competition, competitive relations, competitive interactions, etc.) allows the Russian to fully reflect social, economic and moral components of that quality which provides competitiveness in the modern world. The culture of competitive interactions defines that the personality is able to participate in the competition by using not only economicaly expedient and legally accepted, but also morally justified ways. In this regard, we pursue aims here to develop and justify the model of training the culture of competitive interactions of the personality in the course of secondary professional education. The theoretical aspects of modeling include the specified and concretized ideas of essence and content of the personality’s culture, functions of culture and criteria of cultural behavior, the purposes and means of interpersonal interaction and the competitive relations. Methodologically projected pedagogical process is based on the revealed mechanisms and psychologic and pedagogical conditions of training the personal culture of competitive interactions. The technological maintenance of model is presented by set of stages at which didactic tools are implemented in consecutive order, in the course of learning specially developed course of elective disciplines.
Meretukova Z.K., Polushina N.A.
POOR PROGRESS OF SCHOOL STUDENTS AS PROBLEM OF PEDAGOGICAL SCIENCE AND EDUCATION
The paper validates relevance of a problem of poor progress of school students. The reasons and signs of poor progress existing in psychologic and pedagogical literature are regarded. Definitions of the concept "poor progress" are analyzed. The authors offer their own definition of the concept "poor progress" and the general methodological approach to a solution of the problem of overcoming poor progress in educational process on a dialogue basis.
POSSIBILITIES OF SOLVING PROBLEMS OF THE AGING SOCIETY FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF GERONTOLOGICAL COMPETENCE IN THE SOCIAL WORKERS
Transformational changes in stratification system demand other – in comparison with paternalistic and "defense" – approach to the aging population. Contemporary social services only begin to develop the corresponding areas of work, therefore the problem of gerontological competence of experts of the social sphere becomes especially relevant.
Reutova L.P., Khakunova F.P., Grebennikova V.M.
STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS, CRITERIA AND LEVELS OF COMMUNICATIVE ACTIVITY OF PUPILS OF THE MAIN GENERAL EDUCATION
In the paper, the authors offer new approach for distinguishing and describing structural components, criteria and levels of communicative activity of pupils of the main general education. The paper discloses communicative competence as multistructural system, describes its subsystem components, and reasons their interrelation and unity. The allocated criteria and levels of communicative activity of pupils do not contradict requirements of FGOS OO and already existing concept of universal educational actions of school students of primary education. Their contents and fullness expand scientific knowledge of the teacher.
Ruban A.V., Khazova S.A.,
PSYCHOLOGIC AND PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS OF FORMATION OF AXIOLOGICAL COMPETENCE IN CADETS
The paper describes the results of the theoretical search embodied in system of psychologic and pedagogical conditions for formation of axiological competence in cadets of higher education institutions. The allocated conditions are based on the competence-based approach to education, on the axiological approach to upbringing the personality, and on the principles of military education and upbringing the military personnel. The specified bases are validated as key conditions for formation of axiological competence of cadets. Each group of key conditions is worked out in detail through the description of the applied didactic means and methods, and forms of the organization of student’s activity.
TELEVISION CAPACITY IN SPIRITUAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE CHILDRENS’ AUDIENCE (IN THE CASE OF “BAKHORISTON” CHANNEL FOR CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE (TAJIKISTAN)
This paper explores influence of programs of the Tajik television on psychology of children. Various points of view of scientists on this subject are analyzed. Separate television programs are analyzed as an example. Also, a few pieces of advice are given for improving the quality of these programs, attracting a larger audience and gaining the trust of the population.
DEVELOPMENT OF DIAGNOSTIC COMPETENCE OF TUTOR OF PRESCHOOL EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATION DURING COURSE TRAINING
The paper sheds light on the features of professional activity of tutor of preschool educational organization. A diagnostic component is allocated in the structure of teacher’s activity. The author describes the most effective technologies to improve diagnostic competence of the teacher in the course of retraining in additional vocational education.
Special Methods and Teaching Technologies
FEATURES OF TECHNICAL TRAINING OF STUDENTS IN THE PIANO CLASS
The paper deals with searches for the rational movements of the pianist. The author shows the role of various technical exercises in formation of elementary finger motor skills and mastering various elements of the piano texture. The publication emphasizes the need of development at the student of tactile feelings, and the importance of bringing art coloring into process of exercises.
CREATIVE LABORATORY "THEATER OF THE FLUTE" AS DEVELOPMENT TOOL OF MUSICAL CREATIVE ACTIVITY OF ADOLESCENTS
The adolescent’s personality changes during musical creative activity. Creating himself, he is in the process of creative self-realization, self-development, self-awareness, self-expression, introspection, self-government, etc. One must take note that the process of development of musical creative activity of adolescents has a wide range, covering all aspects of human life, motives, needs, etc. Basically, this process relies on the specific situations, which thereby raise the adolescent’s personality to a higher level of development, and assume that it will fundamentally change in the direction of creative self-development.
Educational Space of Physical Training and Sports
Dzhirikova F.D., Petkov V.A., Botasheva M.Kh., Dzhirikov R.S., Kataev K.A.
PEDAGOGICAL SUPPORT OF DEVELOPMENT OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF THE TEACHER OF PHYSICAL CULTURE AT HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION
The paper shows the essence and theoretical bases of pedagogical support of the teacher of physical culture of higher education institution in development of his professional competence. Contents and the structure of professional competence represented by four components – personal, cognitive, motivational - valuable and operational activity – are investigated. Forms, methods, ways and conditions of the effective organization of pedagogical support are described. On the basis of the criteria and indicators revealed, characteristic levels of manifestation of professional competence are determined. The main trends and prospects of its improvement are designated.
Enokaeva S.S., Dzhaubaev Yu.A.
ORGANIZATIONAL AND PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS OF IMPLEMENTATION OF HEALTH IMPROVING AND RECREATIONAL ACTIVITY AT RURAL SCHOOL
The paper discloses intrinsic characteristics of health improving and recreational activity of rural school. The authors provide statistical data on a rural population and the number of rural schools in the Karachay-Cherkess Republic and the Republic of Daghestan. The analysis of data of the sociological survey of parents and teachers of rural comprehensive schools conducted by the authors demonstrates their attitude towards their own health and health of children, addictions and a physical recreation as to a factor of a healthy lifestyle. Organizational and pedagogical conditions of implementation of health improving and recreational opportunities of rural school are stated.
Modern Problems of Psychology
PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF CREDIBILITY TO THEMSELVES AT SHY YOUNG MEN AND GIRLS
Shyness at early youthful age negatively influences subjectness of the personality, and a condition of successful development of subjectness is the level of credibility to itself. The bulk of this paper is about psychological features of manifestation of credibility to themselves at timid young men and girls as self-value attitude of the personality. Depending on the level of credibility to themselves, three groups of shy examinees are allocated. The obtained data allow us to draw a conclusion that shyness, being system property of the personality, has partial character and is displayed not in all spheres of life. Since this age period of development is characterized by formation of the subject qualities of the personality associated with authenticity, independence and responsibility, psychological support is necessary for shy young men and girls. In this regard, development of the psychocorrectional programs directed to correct the level of expressiveness of the trust-based relations of the personality can become prospect of this research.
PRENATAL AND PERINATAL PERIODS OF CHILD DEVELOPMENT AS A CRISIS STAGE OF PERSONALITY FORMATION
The paper is devoted to analysis of the prenatal and perinatal periods of child development. The tasks of this paper are as follows: to overview research studies dedicated to the emotional child development in the prenatal and perinatal periods of development, to analyze the particularities of symbiotic emotional reaction, and to examine the prenatal and perinatal periods as crisis period of personality development. The conclusion is drawn that if crisis state is considered as a critical stage in personality development, the choice of one of the directions for further development - perinatal and, in particular, the prenatal period filled with experiences which would form the primary vectors of further personality development - can definitely be considered as a stage of crisis of personality formation.
Petrosyan S.N., Ryabikina Z.I.
CURRENT APPROACHES TO THE PROBLEM OF PERSONALITY LIFE SCRIPT AS SOCIAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL PHENOMENON
The paper is devoted to the analysis of approaches to the problem of personality life script as a social and psychological phenomenon. The tasks of this article are as follows: to examine the life script as a psychological problem, to analyze the personality life script studies present in the Russian and international literature, to consider the perspectives of personality life script study in line with the subject existentialistic approach. The conclusion is drawn that consideration of the categorical integrity “personality and its existence” as a subject field of psychology creates a possibility of a principally new approach to studying the problem of formation and materialization of individual’s life script as a global field of its existentiality.
Popova A.A., Shkriabko I.P.
THE STUDY OF FEATURES OF COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE IN STUDENTS TO SOLVE THE TASKS OF PROFESSIONAL PEDAGOGICAL FORMATION IN THE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION
This paper examines the creation of conditions for the formation of communicative competence of students in educational space of pedagogical University. The task of studying and the possibility of masking affective-personal components of communication in order to address problems of professional-pedagogical formation in conditions of educational environment of the University seems very significant, but problematic from the point of view of choosing the optimal research methods. This problem is reflected in the present paper as well. In addition, one of the topical tasks of the teaching staff of higher educational institution is considered, namely: to study the dynamics of communicative competence of students of pedagogical higher education institution for practical training in psychology.
THE RELATIONSHIP OF INDIVIDUAL AND TEAM COPING STRATEGIES WITH PERSONAL AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SUBJECTS OF GROUP ACTIVITIES
The paper substantiates the relevance of the search for personality and social-psychological resources, and use of constructive coping strategies by the subjects of group activities. The study shows that the studied phenomena reveal different nature of relationships: emotional intelligence reduces the probability of choosing the non-adaptive and destructive coping strategies and increases the likelihood of adaptive selection. Social intelligence contributes to the decrease in non-adaptive ways of coping with stress, and socio-psychological characteristics, to the increase of the adaptive individual and group ones. Excessively high level of empathy is undesirable from the point of view of coping with stress.
THE SPECIFICITY OF THE FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL IDENTITY IN STUDENTS OF THE LAW HIGHER SCHOOL AND IN LAWYERS
Features of formation of the professional identity in law students of the University and in working professionals are examined as two different psychological phenomena of successive character. The author makes an analysis of the concept "professional identity", and defines the conditions necessary for the effective formation of professional identity of future lawyers. The uneven flow of the process is noted throughout the formation of professional identity. During this process latent and crisis periods are alternated, and there are stages with the evolutionary and revolutionary current. Work in the acquired specialty has an impact on motivation and axiological personality traits and facilitates the development of professional identity of law graduates. At the same time the optimal level of conscious learning professional competences by the student is achieved.
Shaverneva Yu.Yu., Petrova N.V., Koshanskaya A.G., Khristich E.N.
FEATURES OF DEVELOPMENT, CREATION AND STANDARDIZATION OF THE PSYCHODIAGNOSTIC QUESTIONNAIRE FOR ASSESSMENT OF LEVEL OF PSYCHOLOGICAL READINESS OF STUDENTS FOR EXTREME SITUATIONS
The extreme situation is examined as set of certain obligations and conditions which make strong psychological impact on students. The main stages (determination of quantity of tasks, working out of tasks, making the test, a pilot study, the analysis of tasks, definition of reliability of the test, the factorial analysis, a test validity, standardization of the test) of creation of the psychodiagnostic technique directed to assess the level of readiness of students for extreme situations, beginning with determination of quantity of tasks, specifications of a questionnaire, determination of percentage weight of substantial areas, demonstrations and making the test, are covered in the paper. Also features of carrying out a pilot study, the analysis of tasks, definitions of reliability and validity of the test are considered. By means of the factorial analysis matrices of correlations between scale tasks for assessment of level of readiness of students for extreme situations are presented. In the conclusion results of standardization of the test and data on internal coherence of tasks of a questionnaire are analyzed. Compliance of a questionnaire to requirements of reliability, discriminativeness and validity confirms the accuracy and objectivity of our measurements.