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#1 / 2015
General Problems of Pedagogy
S.N. Begidova, I.V. Morozova
PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS OF FORMATION OF SOCIAL EXPERIENCE AT ORPHAN CHILDREN AND CHILDREN WITHOUT PARENTAL SUPPORT
The paper deals with the pedagogical conditions providing efficiency
of formation of social experience at orphan children and children without parental
support in educational process of orphanage. Those are collective creative activity,
realization of an individual approach, the organization of uneven-age children’s creative associations, as well as the created children’s body of active functionaries.
DISTANCE EDUCATION: WORLD EXPERIENCE
The paper discusses the organization and realization of distance
education abroad, mainly in the USA, since this form of education began to act
there for the first time. Without doubt, this experience is interesting because in
the future just the distance education will be the most widespread innovative form
PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION OF BACHELORS: NEW STANDARDS
Modernization of pedagogical education assumes preparation and
improvement of quality of professional activity of the pedagogical workers of new
type capable to carry out the accepted strategy of modernization of system of Russian
education and to effectively participate in realization of the main educational
programs of the general education according to requirements of the Federal State
Educational Standard (further – FGOS) and the professional standard of the teacher.
Reorganization of system of pedagogical education means change of the contents,
and, above all, methods and technologies of training, new requirements to results
of training upon transition to FGOS of the general education and modernization of
FGOS of the higher education by means of strengthening of practical preparation.
A.A. Kuvayeva, E.V. Demkina
PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL MAINTENANCE OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE PERSONALITY OF FUTURE TEACHER IN THE COURSE OF PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION
This paper presents the results of the theoretical and empirical
research on identification of actual problems of modern professional pedagogical
education. Ways of the solution of problems are provided. The existing problems
are considered in the context of professionalism and competitiveness of teachers accepted as the purpose of the higher education. The technology of the organization
and implementation of psychological and pedagogical maintenance of development
of the personality of students – future teachers is proposed as a complex way of the
solution of the revealed problems. Stages of psychological and pedagogical maintenance
are described. The main forms and methods of work are characterized. The statistical
data confirming efficiency of the developed technology are provided.
A.A. Kuvayeva, S.A. Khazova, F.R. Khatit
ACMEOLOGICAL CONTENT OF COMPETITIVENESS OF THE PERSONALITY OF THE TEACHER
This work characterizes the acmeological orientation of the personality of
the teacher as a structural component of competitiveness. The place of acmeological ïðîôåññèîíàëüorientation
of the personality in structure of competitiveness is substantiated. The
social and professional essence and the content of the acmeological orientation of
the personality are characterized. The content of structural components of the
acmeological orientation of the personality of the teacher is shown. The content of
value orientations of the teacher is disclosed. Professional and social goal-setting
is characterized. The content of professional motivation and aspiration to success
of the modern competitive teacher is provided. The importance of the acmeological
orientation as factor increasing competitiveness of the personality is proved.
S.A. Kushu, Z.K. Naguar
MODEL OF PROFESSIONAL RETRAINING OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS ON TRAINING IN THE FOREIGN LANGUAGE OF YOUNGER SCHOOL STUDENTS
The paper describes an acute shortage of teachers of a foreign
language for the initial classes capable to work in new conditions. Need of creation
of an educational program of professional retraining of elementary school teachers
for system of additional professional education and the content of their language
preparation are shown. The model of the solution of this problem is developed.
Z.K. Meretukova, A.R. Chinazirova
PROBLEM OF THE EXPLANATION, INTERPRETATION AND UNDERSTANDING IN SCIENCE AND EDUCATION AND ITS COMPREHENSION AS ASPECT OF SUGGESTOPEDIAN CULTURE
The paper substantiates relevance of comprehension of essence of such
methodological problems of science and education as an explanation, interpretation
and understanding by the future teachers of school and higher education institution,
as well as an associativity of this comprehension to suggestopedian culture. The
traditional interpretation of the specified problems and the author’s vision of their correlation are disclosed. Also this work deals with the essence of the hermeneutic
approach in science and education and its role in studying the problems of social
sciences and the humanities, and this is considered from the point of view of
correlative characteristics of science and education.
I. I. Nikolaeva
CONTENT OF FORMATION OF SPIRITUAL AND MORAL CULTURE OF THE STUDENT
The paper discusses the content of the process of formation of
spiritual and moral culture of the students. The author comes to a conclusion that
being in process of change of outlook, opportunities and purposes of the person,
already today it is possible to designate those processes which modern society in
a situation of spiritual and moral crisis faces and which demand close scientific
and psychological attention. We need to search for radically new approaches to the
analysis of psychological and pedagogical aspects not only of professional ethics,
but also morality of a developing personality.
P.S. Norkina, O.I. Taranenko
FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE IN THE 21ST CENTURY ENGINEERS
English language proficiency matters greatly, and can be considered
to be a key factor for success of certain professionals, including engineers. However,
there have been a number of complaints about the gap between what is taught in ïðîèçâîäñòâåíuniversity
language courses, and what is used in workplace communication. This
research deals with the current necessary professional competence of engineers in
foreign language, how novices use language prior to and during their employment.
During the experiment it was found that future engineers do not have enough
language skills (in oral speech, reading scientific literature, documents, etc.). It
is critical for teachers to improve English courses for engineering students to
become well-qualified future members of the workforce in the global community.
V.A. Petkov, A.D. Pokhilko, M.A. Gubanova
DIALOGUE AS THE DEVELOPMENT TOOL OF PEDAGOGICAL CULTURE OF SUBJECTS OF EDUCATIONAL PROCESS AT HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION
The paper discusses one of the aspects of a humanization of educational
process in higher education institution consisting in development of communication
dialogicity between the teacher and student. The principle of dialogicity assumes
activization of educational process and discloses features of formation of the subject -
the subject relations. The problem related to dialogicity of development of pedagogical
culture of the teacher and student at higher education institution is uncovered
within the subject pedagogics. It is inferred that the pedagogical culture is dialogic
in essence and use of dialogue in training of future teacher enriches a technique of
interactive training and is the promising direction of teaching philosophy, ethics
and other humanities and social sciences in higher education institution.
T.N. Poddubnaya, O.V. Agoshkova
TENDENCIES IN SOCIAL AND PEDAGOGICAL PROTECTION OF THE CHILDHOOD IN MODERN CONDITIONS
The paper discloses tendencies in social and pedagogical protection of
the childhood in the context of integration of Russia into the European educational
space. Reflections are given of the priority development directions of the pedagogical
theory of social and pedagogical protection of the childhood in modern sociocultural
conditions. Statistical data are provided on position of minors and families with children
in Russia as a result of numerous measures for development o f modern institute of social and pedagogical protection of the childhood. The problems related to
minors are disclosed. Those are a reference point for further development of the
theory of social and pedagogical protection of the childhood.
A.M. Sagdatullin, N.D. Apraksina
DEVELOPMENT OF INNOVATIVE GROWTH POINTS OF THE REGIONAL EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE TERRITORIAL CLUSTER APPROACH
In this paper, we consider the regional educational system within
the framework of territorial cluster approach. The analysis is made of existing
innovative growth points of the Republic of Tatarstan. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the innovative points of growth of the regional educational system
within the framework of the territorial cluster approach. The main objectives of the
work are the analysis and classification of the existing types of cluster systems, the
identification of points of growth of the regional educational system, and research
of synergetic foundations and promising model of innovation cluster. A model of
interaction of educational cluster as an ecosystem is studied. Key factors that
contribute to its development, as well as features forming levels of the ecosystem of
educational cluster are identified.
A.M. Sagdatullin, G.A. Murzina, Z.M. Sakhipova
ANALYSIS OF PROMISING DIRECTIONS IN THE PROFESSIONAL LABOR MARKET FORMATION AND THE POSSIBILITY OF E-LEARNING IN AN ADAPTIVE STUDENTS TRAINING
Pressing issue now is to evaluate the promising areas of certain
professions, which in the future will probably be in great demand. It is concluded
that on a worldwide scale most new and promising professions in the labor market
appear in the IT-field, medicine, nanotechnology and artificial intelligence, virtual
reality, nutrition, online marketing, programming, neurobiology, shale gas and
offshore oil, online advertising, training and social “networking”. The aim of this
work is to attract science, industry and manufacturing specialists to the sphere of
higher education. In this regard, we propose the idea to create an online scientificeducational
system (web-based portal) with the active component of the English
language for the integration and collaborative research between researchers, teachers
and students of Russian and foreign universities and specialists of industrial
enterprises and businesses.
DIAGNOSIS OF PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL SELF-DEVELOPMENT OF THE TEACHER
The paper discusses the personal and professional self-development of
the teacher in the integrative educational environment. Special attention is paid to the
diagnostic process of personal and professional self-development of the teacher. The
paper analyzes the results of the diagnostics of ability of teachers to self-development
and overcoming barriers in pedagogical activity. The leading factors of self-development
are defined. As a result of this study correlations between the ability of the teacher to
self-development, design and analytical skills have been established.
ENSURING HIGH QUALITY OF HIGHER SCHOOL EDUCATION: ADAPTATION OF FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS (THEORETICAL APPROACHES TO STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM)
The paper discusses the problems arising on the way to achievement
of high quality of the educational results by students of higher education institution.
The possible reasons of bias of an assessment of first-year students’ readiness to
training in higher education institution and weak motivation are disclosed. Also
measures to improve procedure of an assessment of qualitative structure of first-year
students and actions promoting their successful adaptation to the new educational
environment are offered. Results of the conducted interview of students are given.
MULTIDIMENSIONALITY OF THE CONTENT OF PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION
As a result of interaction of an education system with professional community and integration of federal state educational standards into professional standards there occurs, as the author shows, formation of the multidimensional content of professional education.
Special Methods and Teaching Technologies
D.D. Zhazheva, S.A. Zhazheva
FEATURES OF FORMATION OF COMMUNICATIVE ABILITIES IN TRAINEES IN THE CONDITIONS OF BILINGUALISM
The paper discusses the formation of communicative abilities in the conditions of bilingualism and features of their functioning in the speech. Consideration of the called difficulties will promote creation of system of work on formation of communicative abilities and introduction of Russian words into the speech of pupils.
A.S. Losev, I.S. Kalnibolanchuk, A.V. Krukovskaya
SYSTEM OF CRITERIA TO FORM COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE AT STUDENTS LEARNING MATHEMATICS
The present work offers the system of criteria to assess the formation of communicative competence in the course of teaching mathematics in higher education institution. Based on the example of the section "Probability Theory and Mathematical Statistics", the corresponding indicators and levels of formation of communicative competence are developed.
FEATURES OF SIMULATOR TRAINING TO CONDUCT AIR COMBAT
Analysis of scientific and methodological literature has shown that the evaluation of professional training of military pilots is insufficiently developed. Features of simulator training pilots to conduct air combat are discussed here. Evaluation of training military pilots to conduct air combat should be undertaken by using an integrated approach, i.e. complex techniques, which include not only subjective but also objective methods of evaluation. Also for the comprehensive assessment, methods of assessment of individual psychological qualities of a military pilot can be used: research of attention, motor reactions, sensory-motor reactions, orientation in space, the study of memory and thinking, identifying the individual characteristics of higher nervous activity in the process of formation and reorganization of sensory-motor skills. In the author's opinion, an adequate assessment of the preparedness of military pilot can be provided by the use of a set of indicators, which characterize the different sides of simulator training to conduct air combat. The wider the range of characteristics that are taken into account, the fuller and more accurate the final assessment will be.
THE RESULTS OF APPROBATION OF THE EXPERIMENTAL COURSE "THE INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS OF BUSINESS WRITING"
The paper tackles the question of the necessity of teaching Business Writing in the professional educational institutions of Law. This subject is offered to be included as a separate course in programs for institutions of secondary professional education of a legal profile. The author offers to develop skills in Business Writing within the integrated course of learning it both in Russian and English languages by using the project method. The analysis of the results of the experimental work is provided.
F.K. Urakova, I. Altanavdar
THE LINGUAL CULTUROLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE RUSSIAN PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS WITH THE COMPONENT-ZOONYM AGAINST A BACKGROUND OF THE MONGOLIAN LANGUAGE
The paper discusses the main problems of national and cultural specifics of phraseological units of the Russian and Mongolian languages, namely: stereotypes, standards and symbols on the basis of which the language picture of the world of trainees is formed, and which allow mobilization of all resources to increase productivity of training in conformity with modern national and international requirements. Studying mental lingual complexes and national specific language units helps trainees to orient with their research activity and promotes preparation for teaching the Russian language as nonnative, taking into account the relationship of the language and culture helping us to avoid failures in cross-cultural communication.
Modern Problems of Psychology
PROFESSIONAL FORMATION OF THE PERSONALITY IN MEDICINE: THEORETICAL-METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF THE PSYCHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
The paper provides the review of works of the domestic scientists who made bases of the structural - dynamic concept in psychology of the personality and the subject – activity and acmeological paradigms in psychology of professional self-realization of the personality (L.I. Antsyferova, A.A. Bodalev, E.A. Klimov, A.K. Markova, E.F. Zeer, K.K. Platonov, etc.). Expediency of integration of the above mentioned approaches for the psychological analysis of professional formation of the personality in medicine is approved. It is shown that the heuristic of such integration is confirmed, in particular, by its successful application in developing concepts of psychological modeling of the personality of the doctor (B.A. Yasko) and psychological support of professionalizing of the personality in the helping professions, in particular, in medicine.
N.E. Vodopyanova, V.B. Chesnokov
STRATEGIES OF ADAPTATION TO THE ECONOMIC CRISIS, DEPENDING ON THE POSITION IN LIFE OF THE SUBJECTS OF LABOR
The paper presents the results of empirical research of the managers in situations of an economic crisis in Russia aggravated in 1998, 2008 and 2014. Optimism, pessimism and realism are regarded as the position in life. Optimism and realism are noted to positively influence the control of crisis situations and resilience of subjects of labor. It is proved that optimism and realism represent important resources of subjects of labor in adaptation and overcoming vital difficulties. Development of technologies to increase optimism of managers’ position in life is proposed to be one of the tasks of psychological assistance in crisis situations.
K.S. Vyzulina, B.A. Yasko
PERSONAL DETERMINANTS OF SOCIAL-PSYCHOLOGICAL ADAPTATION OF PERSONALITY: THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF RESEARCH
The paper substantiates that in search for psychological determinants of social adaptation, an integration of the developed concepts of a professional demand and the value - sense sphere of the personality possesses the heuristic. The review of researches is carried out in which constructs of "a professional demand of the personality", "values", and "senses" are allocated. Their direct relationship with social adaptation as process and result of vital activity of the personality is shown. Relying on the data containing in the analyzed sources we show that the demanded personality is characterized by the high level of self-control of behavior and an adaptation resource. With increasing level of a demand, adaptation abilities of the personality are growing. The adapted personality, possessing a freedom of choice and ability to make decisions and to realize them, is characterized by high intelligence of life. Loss of senses is considered as a predictor of social disadaptation of the personality.
M.V. Elfimova, M.V. Domaev, N.V. Elfimov
SELF-DEVELOPMENT OF STATE FIRE SERVICE STAFF AND STUDENTS OF UNIVERSITIES OF EMERCOM OF RUSSIA AS A FACTOR OF DEVELOPMENT IN THE PROFESSION
The present paper describes the practical experience in the students’ scientific activity coordination at the different Departments of the Siberian Branch in Zheleznogorsk of the Ministry of Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (EMERCOM) Saint-Petersburg University of State Fire Service, which provides for raising efficiency of the formation of professional competences in the expert of State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia.
Educational Space of Physical Training and Sports
K.D. Chermit, I.V. Verzhbitsky, E.G. Verzhbitskaya
ORGANIZATIONAL AND METHODICAL CONDITIONS OF APPLICATION OF COMPETITION AS A METHOD AND A FORM OF JUDOIST TRAINING AT THE INITIAL STAGE OF EDUCATION
This paper presents the model of implementation of organizational and methodical conditions to ensure the principle of primacy of competitions at the initial stage of judoist training, which allows the competition to be used as a method and a form of training. Creation of educational and training process of beginner judoists on the basis of the presented model increases its efficiency due to the trainer-teacher actions focused on formation of bases of technical and tactical competitive experience at the athlete, as well as on support of steady motivation to training on the basis of achievement of positive competitive result.
S.A. Khazova, R.M. Magomedov, R.Z. Osmanov, N.E. Platova
THE REGIONAL SYSTEM OF PHYSICAL TRAINING FOCUSED ON THE SOLUTION OF SOCIAL AND PEDAGOGICAL PROBLEMS OF EDUCATION OF YOUNGER GENERATION IN SOCIALLY UNSTABLE REGION
This work deals with the process and results of scientific search for modern means and methods of the solution of education problems of younger generation in Russia. In this context we distinguish key social and pedagogical problems of education of the youth living in socially unstable regions of Russia. We define the reasons why these problems emerge and show tasks to be solved in order to overcome them. Educational potential of physical training in this aspect is proved. In this work we present the substantial and procedural model of regional system to implement the revealed educational potential of physical training. The main participants of the modelled activity, its types, forms, means and a set of criteria and criteria indicators of system functioning efficiency are described. The contents and the main results of experimental approbation of the developed model in Derbent (Republic of Daghestan) are provided.