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#3 / 2014
General Problems of Pedagogy
S.N. Begidova, I.V. Makrushina
STRUCTURE OF ECOLOGICAL CONSCIOUSNESS
The paper discloses the basic concepts characterizing ecological consciousness. The authors single out and justify the essence and the structure of ecological consciousness presented by anthropocentric and ecocentric types of ecological consciousness, by individual and collective and by ordinary and scientific ecological consciousness. Characteristics are given of four typical forms of ecological consciousness: consciousness of denial, consciousness of a hyperbolization, egoistical consciousness and adequate ecological consciousness.
L.Ya. Bukreeva, Yu.V. Sirenko
PROFESSIONAL AND LABOUR TRAINING AS ONE OF THE DIRECTIONS OF SOCIAL AND PEDAGOGICAL ACTIVITY WITH ORPHANS (FROM EXPERIENCE OF UFA PRE-REVOLUTIONARY PROVINCE)
The paper, on the basis of the retrospective analysis, examines features of professional and labor training of pupils living in orphanages for orphans and children without parental support in the Ufa province of the pre-revolutionary period to use experience of social and pedagogical protection of orphans at the present time. The paper is based on materials of funds of the Central Historical Archive of the Republic of Bashkortostan.
L.Ya. Bukreeva, Yu.V. Sirenko
REGIONAL HISTORICAL EXPERIENCE IN ORPHAN SOCIAL PROTECTION AS THE MECHANISM OF ASSISTANCE TO THE PRESENT NEEDING CHILDREN (UFA PROVINCE OF THE 19TH CENTURY TILL 1917)
The goal of the paper is to present historical experience of orphan living arrangement in the pre-revolutionary Ufa province. The paper demonstrates the main stages and features of development of the orphan care and education system in the Ufa province in the context of development of children's charity in Russia till 1917. The authors describe the leading tendencies in development of orphan care in the specified period, types of charitable institutions for orphans, features of teaching and educational process in them and the positive moments important for improvement of modern social protection of the childhood.
STRUCTURE OF THE MODERN STUDENT IDENTITY (BASED ON RESULTS OF COMPARATIVE STUDY OF STUDENTS - FUTURE TEACHERS)
The paper presents the results of a comparative study of the structure of personal identity of first and third year teacher students. Personal identity is examined as a dynamic education. It provides individuality, sameness of the person and the relationship with other members of society. The structure of identity includes a presentation about the person, the social roles, values and attitudes. Relevance of research is determined by insufficient knowledge of age characteristics of identity and the dynamics of identification characteristics. As a result of empirical study differences in the structure of identification characteristics in students from different courses are detected. This study has revealed a number of contradictions in the structure of identity of the modern student to be considered in the organization of the educational process.
STATE POLICY IN THE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OF THE TATAR EDUCATION IN RUSSIA IN THE 19TH CENTURY (BASED ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE ASTRAKHAN PROVINCE)
This paper sheds light on the educational policy of the state in the management system of the Tatar education in Russia in the 19th century, using an example of the Astrakhan province. A purposeful policy of Russification was absent: a foreign education throughout the nineteenth century was governed by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and by the Ministry of National Education. The peculiarities of the Tatar education in the Astrakhan province in the 19th century are disclosed on the basis of works of contemporaries and archive data. The author describes the reasons why the government paid no attention to the Astrakhan Tatars. Also a historiographic analysis is given showing the necessity of studying this problem.
Yu.S. Kuznetsova, V.F. Tenishcheva, E.N. Tsyganko
INTEGRATIVE CONTEXTUAL MODULE OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT
Integrative contextual approach was used to investigate problems related to marine specialist training to professional activity. Modular creation of a course in foreign-language communication at which computer technologies act as a simular of professional activity is proved. The results of cadets’ professional training to the activities requiring foreign language communication skills at the Admiral F.F. Ushakov State Maritime University are given.
T.V. Kurganskaya, V.A. Petkov
FORMATION OF BASES OF THE HEALTHY LIFESTYLE IN PUPILS FROM ELEMENTARY CLASSES OF RURAL SCHOOL
Strategic objective of pedagogical activity of modern rural school is creation of conditions for education of the viable personality who has been comprehensively prepared for independent life. In this regard the value of health of pupils is actualized as one of the priority directions of its humanization, being basis of physical, mental and social wellbeing, a condition and basis of full development of the personality. The author offers an approach to design formation of bases of a healthy lifestyle in pupils of elementary classes of rural school.
EDUCATIONAL POTENTIAL OF UNIVERSITY MASS MEDIA IN DEVELOPMENT OF SPEECH CULTURE OF FUTURE SPECIALISTS IN THE SPHERE OF EDUCATION
The paper discusses opportunities and justifies need of use of student's university mass media (student's television, the official site of higher education institution, faculty newspapers, etc.) as additional resources to form and increase level of speech culture of future specialists of education. Features and forms of trainee’s participation in the high school mass media activity are described. Educational potential of university mass media is illustrated with concrete examples of trainee’s practical activities, and its results are given.
THE SCHOOL STUDENT WITH DISABILITIES AS THE PERSONALITY INTEGRATED INTO GENERAL EDUCATION ENVIRONMENT
The present research focuses upon the concept of "the integrated personality", a scientific definition of which is provided in this paper. From a position of this paradigm the author charcterizes possibilities of the school student with deviations in health to enter the general education environment and to become the personality integrated in it. Psychological and pedagogical conditions of ensuring this integration are disclosed.
Z.K. Meretukova, A.R. Chinazirova
SYNERGETIC POTENTIAL OF SUGGESTOPEDIAN CULTURE OF THE SCHOOL AND UNIVERSITY TEACHING STAFF
The paper discloses the essence of the concept "potential", the specific content of pedagogical activity potential and the continuatively related suggestopedian culture. The key concepts and ideas of synergetics which are displayed in educational process are allocated, and possibility of their purposeful extrapolation on pedagogical activity is justified. An essence of the synergetic thesis "the order from chaos" and situations of its manifestation in activity of subjects of educational process are described in detail.
VIEW OF CHILDHOOD PROTECTION AND SUPPORT THROUGH THE PRISM OF HUMANISTIC PARADIGM OF EDUCATION
The paper discloses the author's view of childhood protection and support in aspect of a humanistic paradigm of education. It contains theoretical justification of a humanization of system of the childhood social protection, need of the childhood protection and support, improvement of situation in society by means of education in the context of the general strategy of improvement of the childhood social security.
V.A. Filonenko, V.A. Petkov
MODELING THE FORMATION PROCESS OF PROFESSIONAL SELF-ORGANIZATION SKILLS AT FUTURE TEACHERS
Modern requirements to professionalism assume implementation by the future teacher of effective self-organization of educational professional activity and self-sufficient designing the course of life. This actualizes the development of self-processes among which the special place belongs to professional self-organization of the personality which is a significant factor of professional development. This paper discloses basic provisions of author's approach to modeling the formation process of professional self-organization skills at students of teacher training college. A method of modeling was used to show all stages of multilevel pedagogical education through a prism of subject self-implementation, self-affirmation and self-realization. The model reflects driving factors of development of all structural components, considering a role of external influences, environment influences and intra personal mechanisms of self-movement. The data on the experimental work confirming efficiency of the developed model are provided.
L.Kh. Tseeva, B.Kh. Panesh
FORMATION OF READINESS OF FUTURE TEACHER TO PROJECT ACTIVITY IN PRESCHOOL EDUCATIONAL PRACTICE
The paper discusses the modern understanding of the content of project activity in the course of professional training of future preschool teachers. An analysis is made of approaches to this technology. The authors provide the structural model of a method of the projects, adapted for teaching practice in higher education institution.
Special Methods and Teaching Technologies
TRAINING IN LANGUAGES ON THE BASIS OF THE INTEGRATED APPROACH
The present research focuses upon the present stage of development of educational process, which is marked by the aspiration to reproduce the culture saved up by society in the content of education; by disclosure of the humanistic ideas, general elements and traditions in learned languages and cultures; and by familiarizing with processes of globalization, interdependence of the countries and the people in modern conditions. The author examines the development of an education system which would not simply correspond to dynamically changing requirements of society, but also worked with an advancing.
L.Kh. Tseeva, R.K. Simbuletova
ASPECTS OF PROJECT-BASED LEARNING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE
The paper explains the concept of project-based training as a basis for practice-oriented professional students training in learning a foreign language. Structural components (target, substantial, operational, productive) of a method of project-based learning are defined.
Modern Problems of Psychology
PERFECTIONISM IN SYSTEM OF PSYCHOLOGICAL MARKERS OF SUBJECT REPRESENTATION OF THE NURSE
The paper presents an analysis of interrelation of perfectionism and social adaptation as personal psychological markers of professional subjectivity of nurses of clinical and management kinds of activity. The author substantiates empirically the hypothesis that social adaptability of the personality corresponds to adequate manifestation of perfectionism which is the average level of its expressiveness. The increased general level of perfectionism reflecting the high standards claimed by the personality to himself and to another is shown to be connected with the reduced level of social adaptation. The activity demanding high degree of a personal responsibility of the subject for the final result causes certain personal and psychological traits. At clinical nurses those are the high level of the general perfectionism and perfectionism focused on themselves, blocking a process of social and psychological adaptation. Medical nurse managers have a specific combination of high standards in relation to another and the medium (optimum) level of standards in relation to themselves and society. Such combination promotes achievement by the senior nurses of social and psychological adaptation which, unlike the clinical nurses directed by them, is much higher and is in limits of medium-to-high indicators.
Educational Space of Physical Training and Sports
PSYCHOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF SPORTS ACTIVITIES: ANALYSIS AND A NEW APPROACH TO ITS CONSTRUCTION
paper examines the concept of the system genesis of V.D. Shadrikov’s professional activity as a basis to construct the concept of the psychological structure of sports activity.
V.N. Kurys, R.V. Gziryan
MUSIC AS MEANS OF PSYCHOPHYSICAL EFFECTS AND HARMONIZATION OF THE PERSON ENGAGING IN RHYTHMIC GYMNASTICS
The paper deals with the essence, inclusiveness and uniqueness of the notion of music, its origin, role, impact and application in various fields. Examples of various music styles are given. Particular attention is paid to the impact of music, its different rhythms, melodies and harmonies on the person's emotional state. Indicators showing the change of cardio - vascular, respiratory and nervous system are analyzed. The paper outlines a range of views on the variety of music and its influence on human psychophysical state. Its urgent expediency during rhythmic gymnastics training as a condition for the development and maintenance of various body systems of student at the lessons is justified.
S.A. Khazova, N.Kh. Khakunov, N.V. Karyagina, L.F. Selmidis
FORMS AND THE CONTENT OF EDUCATIONAL PRACTICAL ACTIVITIES OF FUTURE BACHELORS OF PHYSICAL CULTURE IN LINE WITH COMPETENCE-BASED APPROACH TO EDUCATION
The paper justifies need to implement special, the competence-based focused educational practical activities of students as conditions of formation of their competitiveness. The concept and the contents of social and professional competence of experts in the sphere of physical culture and sports are characterized. The content of educational and practical work of students – future bachelors of physical culture is described. In this context, business and role-playing games, debates, situational and problem tasks and projects are descrined. The main attention is paid to problem educational and practical tasks of the functional and role contents. These tasks are developed on the basis of integration of basic provisions and the main ideas of the theory of role training, functional, situational and problem approaches to professional training. Value of the projected activity for formation of social and professional competence of trainees is noted.