#2 / 2014
General Problems of Pedagogy
Ts.A. Badmaeva, N.A. Shagaeva
THE FORMATION OF STUDENTS’S MORAL VALUES IN LEARNING THE DISCIPLINE “ETHICS AND ESTHETICS”
This paper examines the formation of value orientations which are the content of the spiritual world of a student’s personality. They are inseparable from the process of education, in which the development of the discipline “Ethics and Aesthetics” takes a special place. The author suggests that it is necessary to carry out the work focused on the formation of students’ value orientations purposefully. This particular educational preparation provides the development of personal qualities that extend creative possibilities and ensure compliance of a graduate with modern requirements of education and professional development.
METHODOLOGY OF CREATION OF EDUCATIONAL PROCESS IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION ON THE BASIS OF MENTAL CHARACTERISTICS OF RUSSIAN MODERN STUDENTS
The paper describes the methodology of creation of educational process in higher education institution on the basis of mental characteristics of Russian modern students. The theoretical model of design of this process is substantiated. In this model, the main methodical, substantial and technical characteristics are reflected in their interrelations and with the indication of an exit to a planned educational result. The author proposes technological tools for the presented model, namely, algorithm of design of the educational process, reflecting sequence of diagnostic, organizational and control - correctional procedures.
POLITICAL BACKGROUND FOR THE EMERGENCE OF REFORM PEDAGOGY IN GERMANY IN THE EARLY 20th CENTURY
The paper analyzes the historical, political, economical and educational background of emergence of new pedagogical trend in Germany in the early twentieth century - reform pedagogy. An analysis is given of the formation of this country as a unified and coherent state in the second half of the nineteenth century. The role of industrial progress for the development of the German statehood in the late nineteenth century is shown. Along with industrial growth, of great importance for the country's development was the reform of land relations, as a result of which the peasants were able to repurchase plots and run their own farm. Association in 1871 by the Prussian Chancellor Otto von Bismarck of 22 German monarchies in a single state has further strengthened the position of Germany in Europe. Traditional German school system could not satisfy all the requirements of a growing economy. As a response to the demands of society in the late nineteenth - early twentieth century, a new pedagogical trend – reform pedagogy – is formed. New goal of education is the development of natural inclinations of each student.
CHALLENGES IN "I" IMAGE DEVELOPMENT IN SENIORS AT RURAL NATIONAL SCHOOL
The social and cultural role of rural national school in education of the integral personality in the conditions of the folding the sociocultural sphere of the village is very important. In the course of formation of the personality, underestimating the influence of other sources on the inner world leads to leveling of value orientations. Ability to enrichment of a world outlook of the personality and possibility of use of the "I" image in that degree, in what the person learns and deepens the idea of himself, defines activity of the personality and provides formation of attitudes on processes of self-development and self-actualization.
TECHNOLOGY OF THE EDUCATION IN CULTURE OF COMPETITIVE INTERACTIONS AT STUDENTS OF THE COLLEGE
The paper presents the results of the research on the development of technology of the education in culture of competitive interactions at students of the college. The author characterizes in brief the essence and structure of culture of competitive interactions as the purpose of the modelled educational process. Criteria for formation and mechanisms of development of structural components of culture of competitive interactions are shown. Levels, types and forms of culture of competitive interactions, methods and ways of their identification are described. Stages of the technological process focused on the education in culture of competitive interactions at students are given. The sequence of landmark objectives and set of means and training and education methods used for their decision are defined. The leading psychological mechanisms providing primary development of concrete structural components of culture of competitive interactions are noted. Results of experimental approbation of the developed technology are presented.
V.A. Petkov, L.P. Reutova
CONCEPTUAL BASES OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF UNIVERSAL EDUCATIONAL ACTIONS AT JUNIOR SCHOOLCHILDREN
The paper discloses the conceptual bases of development of universal educational actions of junior schoolchildren in a context of formation of developing training at modern elementary school. An analysis is made of a modern paradigm of education, the principles of development of universal educational actions and methodological approaches to a design of development of universal educational actions of junior schoolchildren and the content change of primary education that provides transition from the education in culture of usefulness to the education in world outlook culture of human dignity.
T.N. Poddubnaya, A.B. Ivashin, A.O. Poddubny
CHILDREN'S OMBUDSMAN AS SUBJECT OF SOCIAL AND PEDAGOGICAL CHILD PROTECTION
The paper discloses the concept of "children's ombudsman", its appointment and functions as a subject of social and pedagogical child protection. The authors present the short historical review of introduction of Institute of the Children's Ombudsman in the world and Russia and describe competences and experience of the children’s ombudsman in the Adyghea Republic.
CONSCIENCE EDUCATION AS SUBJECT OF INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH
The paper proves that it is necessary to regard conscience education as a subject of an interdisciplinary research. The author examines the philosophical, psychological, social, culure and ethnic aspects of pedagogical researches. Importance of introduction of modern multicultural conscience education of a new level in practice is emphasized, including that due to actualization of intersubject ties and identification of a role and place of conscience education in structure of the pedagogical knowledge.
POTENTIAL AND PROSPECTS OF “PR” ACTIVITY IN RUSSIAN EDUCATION
The paper shows the actual problems of formation of "PR" activity in the Russian educational system. The author analyzes the effective PR-technologies and a system of image creation of a competitive educational institution.
REGENT ACTIVITY IN STRUCTURE OF THE EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM OF TRAINING OF "PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION" (MUSIC PROFILE): ON THE CONTEMPORARY HISTORY OF MUSIC EDUCATION IN RUSSIA
Revival of interest to church arts in Post-Soviet time actualizes the need to update the contents of the educational programs on music containing modules of conductor's, choral and vocal training. Need of rapprochement of secular and spiritual models of choral education for Russia is substantiated. Ways of introduction of a regent-singing component in a framework of musical-performance disciplines are analyzed. Equisition of specific knowledge and skills will considerably broaden the sphere of graduates’ professional self-realization.
SOCIOCULTURAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATIONAL PROCESSES AS THE DETERMINING FACTOR OF TRENDS IN ACADEMIC ENVIRONMENT
The paper explores the interconnection between sociocultural understanding of the role of education and cultural value systems; its reflection in modern academic environment is examined.
Special Methods and Teaching Technologies
H.Z. Bagirokov R.A. Shkhalakhova
ENRICHMENT OF PUPILS’ LEXICON AT LESSONS OF THE ADYGHE LANGUAGE
Enrichment of pupils’ lexicon is the most important problem of a school course of the Adyghe language. Need in special work on enrichment of pupils’ lexicon is defined by an extremely important role of the word in language, as well as by need for continuous replenishment of a vocabulary. The need for expansion of pupils’ lexicon is caused by the different reasons. The paper explores the purposes of enrichment of pupils’ lexicon: quantitative increase in words, high-quality improvement of an available vocabulary and the teaching to use the known and newly- acquired words. Sources of enrichment of pupils’ lexicon are described in detail. Also the authors show the linguistic, psychological and didactic preconditions of a technique of enrichment of pupils’ lexicon at lessons of the Adyghe language.
D.D. Zhazheva, S.A. Zhazheva, Z.B. Bguasheva
FORMATION OF COMMUNICATIVE AND SPEECH SKILLS IN LEARNING THE PHRASEOLOGICAL SYSTEM OF THE RUSSIAN AND NATIVE LANGUAGES
. The paper explores the formation of communicative and speech skills in learning the phraseological units and features of their functioning in the speech. The accounting of the called difficulties in learning phraseology will promote creation of a system of work concerning formation of communicative and speech skills and introduction of phraseological units of Russian in the pupils’ speech.
COMPETENCE-BASED APPROACH IN TEACHING RUSSIAN
. The paper discusses the formation and development of communicative competence of school students in the course of learning Russian, development of cognitive abilities of the pupil through enrichment of a lexical stock, ability to correctly combine words, to use them in the speech, to logically and stylistically reasonably use various grammatical means, to coherently state the thoughts, bringing the statement, the text and means of expression under the main idea.
DESIGN OF A TRAINING COURSE ON THE BASIS OF TECHNOLOGICAL APPROACH
This paper describes a technological approach and elements of the development of the educational project according to V.M. Monakhov’s educational technology in the form of an Atlas of technological cards in the discipline “Engineering Graphics”, as well as the stages of educational process designing on this technology. Design of educational process based on pedagogical technology covers the whole process of training. The considered pedagogical technology carries out a function of detection of the main laws and the most effective methods of pedagogical activity in educational process.
Educational Space of Physical Training and Sports
V.N. Kurys, V.S. Denisenko
DYNAMICS OF THE FUNCTIONAL CONDITION OF THE STUDENT’S ORGANISM DURING TRAINING IN SPORTS EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION
The paper discusses the dynamics of the functional state of the sports university student’s organism during training on the basis of regular medical dispensary examination. An analysis is made of the indicators showing changes in body weight, cardio-vascular and respiratory systems and in force readiness. Trends in the four-year dynamics of the functional state of the organism are defined. A logical link between the student’s organism functional state, present and future professional health is provided. Expediency of scientifically reasonable development of the contents of continuous, in the course of training, physical training of future bachelor and its organizational and methodical maintenance is stated.
FORMATION OF GENDER IDENTITY IN THE CONDITIONS OF PERSONALITY PROFESSIONALIZING IN SPORTS
This work presents the theoretical analysis and a pilot study of athletes’ gender identity. As a result of the theoretical analysis it has been established that in an elite sport, gender identity of men and women has no distinctions and is defined as a masculine or androgenous type. Results of diagnostics, in which young men and girls judoists and the young men and girls, who are not playing sports, participated, testify to the general tendency of "shifting" to the androgenous type. Therefore, sports, and judo in our case, have no considerable impact on process of gender socialization, but, nevertheless, increase the importance of influence of other institutes of socialization.