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#3 / 2013
General Problems of Pedagogy
Characteristic of structural components in professional and creative development of the student musician
The paper focuses on development of creative identity in future music teachers and on the organization of the educational process promoting the solution of this problem. In work, the characteristic is given of three interconnected components namely: sensual and emotional, art and figurative and performing. They, according to the author, make structure of professional and creative development of future music teacher in the course of occupations in instrumental class, in particular in a piano class.
O.P. Gavrilova, P.S. Norkina, E.E. Rudenko
Formation of intercultural communication competence at students studying engineering
The paper deals with the forms and methods of students’ intercultural communication competence formation at the university. The author describes the pedagogical experiment at students, studying engineering sciences, aimed at increasing the effectiveness of intercultural communication competence formation. At the end, data are given on the change of students’ activity during the experiment and on their increasing level of speaking English and grammar knowledge. An analysis of the results of the experiment is presented.
N.A. Glushko, P.S. Norkina, N.A. Rogovaya
Formation of students' general cultural competence by means of the foreign language
The paper deals with the students’ general cultural competences in the course of learning foreign language according to Federal State Educational Standard for “Oil and Gas Engineering”, “Innovation” and “International Relationships” specialties. The authors examine level of general cultural competences at students of the above specialties at the Far East Federal University. The main ways of formation of students’ general cultural competence are described by means of the foreign language, which is studied by using a didactic complex of training and educational actions. The technique promoting formation of general cultural competences is proposed.
E.V. Demko, V.A. Petkov
Pedagogical prevention and correction of aggression in children aged 6-7 years
The aggressive behavior of children in the educational institution is one of the issues not only for teachers, psychologists and parents, but also for society as a whole. Studying aggression gains special relevance for the age of 6-7 years which is characterized by difficulties in the adaptation, connected with transition from preschool educational institution to elementary school, preparation for crisis of 7 years and its overcoming. The difficulties experienced by teachers and parents in a choice of adequate responses to aggressive manifestations of children and absence of the coordinated efforts of preschool educational institution, society and family in prevention of aggression in preschool children prove that it is expedient to organize a system of pedagogical work of preschool educational institution on prevention of children's aggression. This paper identifies the author's approach to create a system of pedagogical prevention and correction of aggression in children aged 6-7 years.
Z.Z. Mamysheva, Z.U. Blyagoz
Educational potential of proverbs and sayings in formation of value orientations at younger school students in the multicultural learning environment
The paper discusses the importance of proverbs and sayings in the formation of value orientations in primary school children in a multicultural learning environment. The results of an experimental study are given to show the level of understanding by younger students of the value foundations laid in proverbs and sayings.
Peculiarities of formation of the intellectual competence in the virtual learning space
The competence-based approach is linked with the integration of Russia into the world community, the processes of globalization and unification of the system of higher education. It is aimed at the development of the competences of the students on the basis of the principles of fundamentality, universality, integration, variation and practical orientation. The current socio-cultural changes show that the modern society requires intellectually competent, mobile personalities.
Students’ foreign language independent study at higher education institutions
The problem of organization of students’ foreign language independent study at higher education institutions is one of the main problems in language teaching techniques. This paper deals with the results of the research devoted to this problem. The author presents various types of difficult independent tasks for students, defines conditions to prevent these difficulties and gives specific instructions for students to successful and timely execute these tasks.
Conditions and mechanisms of knowledge transfer into the students’ personal beliefs
The paper discusses the role of belief in the students' ideology, the conditions and the mechanisms of pedagogic-psychological impacts promoting knowledge transfer into personal beliefs of future specialists.
O.N. Rodionova, V.A. Petkov
Future preschool teachers’ training to develop elements of the algorithmic culture at children aged 5-6 years
Algorithmization of pedagogical process takes a special place in modern educational practice and acts as a general scientific cognitive method, promoting identification of system of the operations entering into abilities, skills and educational activity techniques, as well as improvement of management of educational process. In the modern personal-focused education of preschool children, creation of conditions for intellectual development of children assumes knowledge of elements of algorithmization. Consideration of category of algorithmic culture of the preschool children identity will promote the understanding of essence of algorithmization processes in system of preschool education. Efficiency of development of algorithmic culture at preschool children is provided by algorithmization of the learning environment and depends on level of professional readiness of future experts of preschool education. Uncertainty of the content of algorithmic training of the future preschool teacher and the pedagogical conditions providing its success, is related to a weak readiness of the conceptual and diagnostic framework and tools for quantitative and high-quality measurement of level of readiness of the tutor to develop elements of algorithmic culture in children; and to absence of the fulfilled programs defining didactic conditions of creation of complete educational process of teacher training University on the basis of integration of the content of training, the didactic principles, models and technologies of formation of readiness of future tutor to this type of professional activity. The paper discusses the author's approach to create opportunities for future preschool teacher training to develop elements of algorithmic culture in preschool children in the conditions of pedagogical higher education institution.
Children's music schools and children's schools of arts in system of modern modernized music education
In the paper, an analysis is made of the situation which has developed in system of primary additional music education. Children's schools of arts are taken as an example. Using normative documents, theoretical works of domestic teachers and methodologists and supervision over the work of children’s school of arts in Krasnodar Territory, the author analyzes the problems related to mechanisms and productivity of passable reform, states Federal state requirements to additional preprofessional general education programs in the field of art, and discusses the debatable questions connected with the change of the status of children’s schools of arts in modern Russia.
Special Methods and Teaching Technologies
S.M. Guziyekova, S.K. Khachak
Innovative approaches in the technique of teaching foreign languages
This paper discusses one of the creative approaches to teaching foreign Languages for Special Purposes (LSP), the so-called case - study method. The main point of this method is an independent foreign language activity of trainees arranged in artificially created professional environment. Case studies are extremely rich in content and can provide the learner with the potential to consolidate already acquired knowledge and train specific language and managerial skills. According to the results of the authors’ applied research, the case - study method proved to be invaluable one to meet the desired professional foreign language learning outcomes and intercultural adaptation.
Formation of professional competences in teaching network technology disciplines in higher education institution
The paper discusses the forms and methods of teaching to network technologies in higher education institution in terms of competence-based approach. The author proposes the different types of study for subjects of network technologies.
Modern Problems of Psychology
Results of investigating a cognitive component in the structure of professionally important qualities of rescue dog handlers of state emergency service in Ukraine
The paper deals with the intellectual qualities of rescue dog handlers of State Emergency Service of Ukraine. The role of cognitive component in the general structure of professionally important qualities of the rescuers of canine service has been pointed out. General skill analysis of experienced and novice rescue dog handlers has been carried out.
Role of self-transforming activities during formation of autopsychological competence in students of pedagogical specialty
The paper describes the concepts of “autopsychological competence” and “self-transforming activity”. The author proves that it is necessary to form autopsychological competence in university students - future teachers. The degree of scientific study of the problem is shown. Special attention is given to self-transforming activity in this process. The author proposes a model of autopsychological competence of students of the university teaching specialties. The model incorporates four successive stages, the passage of which involves students in self-transforming activity. The result of the model is the autopsychologically competent graduate.
Feasibility of personal values of higher school teachers in the context of professional burnout
The paper presents an analysis of the feasibility of personal values of higher school teachers, depending on the level of professional burnout. The professional burnout of teachers is shown to be due to the presence of the mismatch in the value-motivational sphere, in particular, the inability to implement the life sense-forming values in the professional activity. Way to resolve the internal conflict is limiting the range and intensity of emotion inclusion in professional communication. High internal tension caused by the frustration of significant values, promotes the activation of psychological defense mechanism in the form of mental burnout. The results obtained allow us to specify the purpose of psycho-precautionary work, namely: activation of value and meaning resources of the individual.
Educational Space of Physical Training and Sports
A.B. Bguashev, A.A. Klimenko
The characteristic of the factors influencing efficiency of expansion of activity space during young judoists’ technical and tactical training
On the basis of studying the component structure of the theory of activity and a technique of judoists training, the characterologic analysis of backbone factors of formation of technical and tactical readiness of young athletes is offered, and some approaches are presented to provide their account in the course of students sports training at the initial stage of a many-year cycle of training.
A.G. Zabolotniy, S.T. Shcherbina, A.O. Isakov
Specific features of physical exercises in care of newborns and infants
Readiness of parents to work with newborns and infants is a result of high level of personal physical culture. Parents must have knowledge and skills to apply the physical exercises aimed at the development of the child. However, physical exercises in widely known types are not applicable during the first year of life. The main means of completion of movement deficiency at this age are the gymnastic exercises, application of which demands methodical ensuring parents’ activity. This paper substantiates fundamental approaches to application of physical exercises for maintenance of physical activity of newborns and children of chest age. Classification of physical exercises is presented. It is based on division of physical exercises by extent of participation of the child in motive action. Examples are given, and methodical recommendations are made.
Features of training in technical and tactical preparatory actions of young judoists with the hearing disorder
Adaptive judo is the effective correctional and health improving remedy, creating favorable conditions for mobilization, technological, intellectual, motive, integration and other values of physical culture and sport at children with a hearing disorder. During training and rehabilitation process of any intensity, functional control of young judoists with a hearing disorder is needed. Tactical and technical preparatory actions are developed in adaptive judo taking into account the specific features caused by a hearing disorder. This paper shows features of training in technical and tactical preparatory actions for young judoists with a hearing disorder.
Activity space development by young judoists at creation of spatial and semantic model of technical and tactical training in judo (results of forming experiment)
The paper presents the concept of spatial and semantic model for technical and tactical training, technique of space development of judoists’ technical and tactical activity, and proofs of efficiency of the offered approach.
Criteria for efficient functioning of regional system of youth physical training (as shown by the Republic of Daghestan)
The paper shows the social and pedagogical potential of physical culture and sport. Actual problems of the Daghestan youth and the corresponding tasks are distinguished. The solution of the specified tasks is defined as a target trend of modeling of regional system of youth physical training. This publication presents a system of criteria for an assessment of functioning efficiency of regional system of physical training of the youth focused on the solution of actual social and pedagogical problems. Three groups of criteria are allocated. The first group characterizes the sports criteria describing changes in a physical condition of participants. The second group describes the social and pedagogical criteria relating to the sphere of civil activity and humanistic orientation of youth. The third group treats personal and psychological characteristics of participants.
R.Z. Osmanov, I.K. Gunazhokov
The principles of building the process of physical training at comprehensive school
In the paper, an analysis is made of the traditional principles of physical training of pupils. The authors prove the insufficient efficiency of their realization in modern system of the general education and present the methodological bases of the organization of comanaging by physical training of school children as a way of optimization of this process. The authors propose the theoretical and methodological provisions as a base of creation of modern physical training of teenagers and show the new view on target trends of physical training of school students. The hierarchy of the principles of physical training is defined. The attention is focused on the importance of realization of the principle of the individual-differentiated approach to physical training of the personality. Comanaging by process of physical training is proved as a key condition of formation efficiency of physical culture of the pupil’s identity.
Physical culture in system of social security and formation of the way of life of citizens in modern conditions
The paper deals with the use of potential of physical culture in system of ensuring social security and in formation of a way of life of citizens in modern crisis conditions of Russia. The author proves that ensuring high quality of life of the population is the sphere of social policy of the state, which has to touch upon professional interests of the population. The publication shows features of formation of social security in the field of physical culture of citizens. It is defined that process of development of new value orientations and social requirements by the personality is developed in a way of life of the person and in culture as a whole. The problem of ensuring social wellbeing of the population should be considered, first of all, as the policy of ensuring full activity of the entire population, including the right to access to realization of physical culture and sport potential. The main point in providing the high quality of life of the population and in management of this system is teaching citizens to use the rights on ensuring the personal wellbeing in the social and personal plan and on activization of their activity.
Many-year assessment of bench press performance of future professionals in physical training and sports
The paper highlights the aspects of the practical training of future bachelor of physical education. Studies of the physical development of students and the significance of bench press (BP) in various sports were analyzed in detail. The long-term dynamics of maximum muscle strength of students from physical education institutions was shown for the first time. The level of absolute and relative BP performance of students was studied based on large empirical material. The dynamics of the girls’ BP performance has been shown to have great progress compared with boys. This is expressed, in particular, by relative performance indicators allowing students’ body weight to be levelled. It has been established that students specializing in rowing and canoeing (men) and track-and-field athletics (girls) have the highest BP performance. It is confirmed that BP is a popular means of special physical training in various sports.
S.A. Khazova, S.N. Begidova
Conceptual bases of development and competitiveness of future experts in physical culture and sport in higher education institution
The paper describes the conception of development of competitiveness at future experts in physical culture and sport. The category “competitiveness of the expert” is characterized. Definition is given to competitive interaction as to key concept of the author's conception. The conception comprises a set of theoretical, methodological and technological bases of the organization of educational process in higher education institution. Criteria for competitiveness of the expert are described. Three design levels of the competitiveness-developing education are characterized. The didactic system of development of competitiveness of the personality and educational stages are described. The authors present the experimental data confirming effectiveness of the developed conception.
S.A. Khazova, L.V. Manzhos, L.V. Ospishcheva
Dynamics of indicators showing the healthy lifestyle of students
The paper shows the importance of monitoring of students’ knowledge and ideas of a healthy lifestyle, its components and factors. “The Healthy Lifestyle” annual monitorings held at the Adyghe State University are described. The comparative analysis of results of 2011 and 2012 monitorings is given. Studied indicators are subdivided into three groups. The first group includes knowledge of respondents of factors and importance of a healthy lifestyle, a health and way of life self-assessment. The second group comprises a self-assessment by students of physical activity and their idea of the typical reasons of maintaining physically passive way of life, preferable ways and types of physical activity of students, etc.; and the third group contains indicators showing students’ subjection to tobacco smoking and the alcohol, the corresponding preferences, the relation of respondents to the appropriate prohibitive and punitive measures, etc. The comparative analysis of results of two monitorings is made for three groups; reliable changes of some indicators are defined; positive and negative tendencies are characterized.
N.Kh. Khakunov, S.A. Khazova, I.K. Gunazhokov, N.V. Koryagina
Professionally significant personal qualities of the sports teacher
The paper contains results of the research analysis to define general and special in structure of professionally significant personal qualities of the teacher of physical culture and the trainer. The authors show the features of pedagogical activity of the teacher of physical culture and the trainer to be the factors of determination of set of professionally significant personal qualities of these experts. Key features of work of sports teachers are characterized from the point of view of the purposes, results, the principles of activity and functions of its subjects. The authors present groups of professional qualities and abilities of the teacher, proved in domestic pedagogy. These qualities are concretized in relation to activity of the teacher of physical culture and the trainer. The paper describes the features of manifestation of professionally significant personal qualities in professional activity of the teacher of physical culture and the sports coach. Ultimately the distinctive features as a part of professionally significant personal qualities of the teacher of physical culture and the sports coach are characterized.
M.M. Khakunova, N.A. Tseeva
Functional condition assessment of the students’ from groups of medical physical culture by means of the automated diagnostic AMSAT-Covert system
As a result of inspection of the students, who are engaged in MPC groups, by means of the automated diagnostic AMSAT-Covert system, it is proved that it is possible to assess a functional condition of an organism, quantitative and quality standard of students’ health and a condition of vegetative nervous system. The differential criterion for the power status of an organism is shown. The authors prove the information value of electric parameters of biologically active zones of skin concerning an assessment of a condition of body and tissue systems.
K.D. Chermit, A.G. Zabolotniy, E.I. Tuguz
Destruction of the rhythm of walking kinematic characteristics at advanced age as the sign of regressive changes
Walking is the automated rhythmic act, noted for repetition of parameters of kinematic indicators through equal intervals of time. Rhythm manifestation can be considered as a criterion for quality of performance of motive action which allows us to speak of manifestation of natural regress of motive function in ontogenesis. To confirm this hypothesis, manifestation of a rhythm of straight-line and angular kinematic characteristics of walking at advanced age is studied. Research is conducted by using an optical system of the three-dimensional video analysis of movements. Nature of change of kinematic characteristics of walking at men elder than 70 years is established.