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#3 / 2005
Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences and Problems of Training the Pedagogical Staff
Scientific bases of the development of a problem of unconscious
Presently a social and cultural situation, namely: falling of morals, criminality, interethnic conflicts, terrorism, unemployment etc. promotes exacerbation of neurosises and occurrence of the obvious and latent mental disorder which as a matter of fact are ignored by parents, teachers and doctors. Because of an overstrain there is a conflict in soul of the child between the still weak consciousness and energetic unconscious inclinations. Against this background there are failures, phobias, complexes etc.
Psychology of personal and professional development, self-breeding and self-education
The paper deals with the acute problems of personal and professional development of pupils and students. The author reveals principles of interrelation and interaction of moral consciousness and behaviour and various levels and types of moral – strong-willed activity of the person; the author discloses the complex of technologies of solving a problem.
On the scientific – methodological device of pedagogical researches
The paper is devoted to one of the important problems of improvement of the quality of scientific works as a whole of both dissertational and final qualifying works of students. This is the correct description of the scientific – methodological device of the works to be performed.
Independent work of students in conditions of multilevel preparation of experts
The paper discusses one of the central problems of higher school didactics, namely: the independent work of students. Specific features of its functioning in conditions of multilevel system of higher education are considered. Special attention is paid to the necessity of the account of multilevel character of cognitive activity of students during independent work.
On a methodological system of training
The paper examines the basic concepts of the theory of systems: various approaches to definition of “a system”, parameters of the object investigated as “a system”, some system classifications and research of systems by levels (macroscopic, microscopic, morphological, functional and information). Penetration of methodology of the system approach into theoretical and practical researches on pedagogy and a technique in the scientific – educational literature has caused plurality of approaches and interpretations of a concept of “methodological system of training” which, depending on inclusion of the purpose, is used in two classes. A specified concept of “the methodological system of training to a discipline” has been compiled on the basis of the conducted research with the application of the general system approach.
Some features of social adaptation of convicts under age in educational colonies
In the paper, the author offers a theoretical analysis of adaptation of the person to new social and cultural conditions of the environment complicated with the presence of a significant spectrum of forms of deviational behaviour and the transformed system of dominant social values.
The author offers a classification of models of adaptable strategy of the person in penitentiary institutions and the characteristic of the factors influencing a choice of this or that adaptable form, chosen as the initial stage in the general system of correctional influence.
Realization of a principle of continuity between preschool education and an elementary school
The paper investigates the important problems of school education, namely: maintenance of scientifically proved continuity at all steps of training.